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Objective To systematically review quantitative differences in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension between developed and developing countries over the past 6 years. Methods We searched Medline [prevalence AND awareness AND treatment AND control AND (hypertension OR high blood pressure)] for population-based surveys. Prevalence,(More)
It has been demonstrated that polymorphisms within inflammation-related genes are associated with risk of gastric carcinoma in Helicobacter pylori-infected individuals. Recently, several studies have reported conflicting results regarding the association between the interleukin (IL)8-251*T/*A polymorphism and risk of gastric carcinoma. In this study, we(More)
The prediction of cardiovascular risk profile trends in low-income countries and timely action to modulate their transitions are among the greatest global health challenges. In 2005 we evaluated a nationally representative sample of the Mozambican population (n=3323; 25 to 64 years old) following the Stepwise Approach to Chronic Disease Risk Factor(More)
We conducted a systematic review of studies addressing the relation between cigarette smoking and gastric cancer to estimate the magnitude of the association for different levels of exposure and cancer locations. Published cohort, case–cohort, and nested case–control studies were identified through PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science searches, from inception(More)
In 2005 we evaluated a nationally representative sample of the Mozambican adult population (n=2913; 25-64 years old) following the STEPwise approach to chronic disease risk factor surveillance to estimate urban-rural differences in overweight and obesity and waist circumferences. The prevalences of obesity and overweight were, respectively, 6.8% (95% CI:(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection is the most important risk factor for gastric cancer, but no association with cardia cancer has been recognized. However, a heterogeneous distribution of etiologically distinct types of cardia cancer may contribute to explain conflicting findings between studies in high- and low-risk settings. We aimed to quantify the(More)
A recent meta-analysis of 4 studies published up to January 2004 suggests a negative association between coffee consumption and Alzheimer's disease, despite important heterogeneity in methods and results. Several epidemiological studies on this issue have been published since then, warranting an update of the insights on this topic. We conducted a(More)
The international decline in gastric cancer is mainly attributed to improved socio-economic conditions. However, some southern and eastern European countries showed slower and later decline, reflecting a less favourable general environment The same probably applies to regional differences within countries, making national indicators potentially misleading.(More)
The expression of additional genes, other than oestrogen receptor (ER), may be important to the hormone-responsive phenotype of breast cancer. Microarray analyses have revealed that forkhead box A1 (FOXA1) and GATA binding protein 3 (GATA-3) are expressed in close association with ERα, both encoding for transcription factors with a potential involvement in(More)
The systematic assessment of large population-based surveys addressing the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection may provide robust evidence for understanding the trends in the exposure to this major risk factor across settings with distinct patterns of gastric cancer variation. Our aim was to describe the prevalence of H. pylori infection in(More)