Nuno Guimarães-Camboa

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Adult skeletal muscle possesses a remarkable regenerative capacity, due to the presence of satellite cells, adult muscle stem cells. We used fate-mapping techniques in avian and mouse models to show that trunk (Pax3(+)) and cranial (MesP1(+)) skeletal muscle and satellite cells derive from separate genetic lineages. Similar lineage heterogeneity is seen(More)
Activation and accumulation of cardiac fibroblasts, which result in excessive extracellular matrix deposition and consequent mechanical stiffness, myocyte uncoupling, and ischemia, are key contributors to heart failure progression. Recently, endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) and the recruitment of circulating hematopoietic progenitors to the(More)
Pericytes are widely believed to function as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), multipotent tissue-resident progenitors with great potential for regenerative medicine. Cultured pericytes isolated from distinct tissues can differentiate into multiple cell types in vitro or following transplantation in vivo. However, the cell fate plasticity of endogenous(More)
Transcriptional mediators of cell stress pathways, including HIF1α, ATF4, and p53, are key to normal development and play critical roles in disease, including ischemia and cancer. Despite their importance, mechanisms by which pathways mediated by these transcription factors interact with one another are not fully understood. In addressing the controversial(More)
Cardiac fibroblasts are a major cell population of the heart and are characterized by their capacity to produce extracellular matrix (ECM). In hearts subjected to pressure overload, excessive fibroblast accumulation is responsible for fibrosis of the myocardium, a major clinical issue. Hence, understanding mechanisms generating fibroblasts in this context(More)
Deterioration of the intervertebral discs is an unfortunate consequence of aging. The intervertebral disc in mammals is composed of three parts: a jelly-like center called the nucleus pulposus, the cartilaginous annulus fibrosus, and anterior and posterior endplates that attach the discs to vertebrae. To understand the origin of the disc, we have(More)
The T-box transcription factor TBX18 is essential to mesenchymal cell differentiation in several tissues and Tbx18 loss-of-function results in dramatic organ malformations and perinatal lethality. Here we demonstrate for the first time that Tbx18 is required for the normal development of periductal smooth muscle stromal cells in prostate, particularly in(More)
Aims Luma is a recently discovered, evolutionarily conserved protein expressed in mammalian heart that is associated with the LInker of Nucleoskeleton and Cytoskeleton (LINC) complex. The LINC complex structurally integrates the nucleus and the cytoplasm, and plays a critical role in mechanotransduction across the nuclear envelope. Mutations in several LINC(More)
Adult cardiomyocytes are largely thought to lack proliferative and therefore regenerative potential. Reporting in Nature, Nakada et al. (2016) find that a hypoxic regime reduces mitochondrial metabolism and promotes proliferation in adult mouse cardiomyocytes, resulting in increased regeneration following myocardial infarction. These findings suggest the(More)
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