Numan Özgün

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UNLABELLED A new web server, InterProSurf, predicts interacting amino acid residues in proteins that are most likely to interact with other proteins, given the 3D structures of subunits of a protein complex. The prediction method is based on solvent accessible surface area of residues in the isolated subunits, a propensity scale for interface residues and a(More)
The measles virus entry system, consisting of attachment (hemagglutinin, H) and fusion proteins, operates by means of a variety of natural and targeted receptors; however, the mechanism that triggers fusion of the viral envelope with the plasma membrane is not understood. Here, we tested a model proposing that the two heads of an H dimer, which are(More)
VPgs are essential for replication of picornaviruses, which cause diseases such as poliomyelitis, foot and mouth disease, and the common cold. VPg in infected cells is covalently linked to the 5' end of the viral RNA, or, in a uridylylated form, free in the cytoplasm. We show here the first solution structure for a picornaviral VPg, that of the 22-residue(More)
BACKGROUND Total sequence decomposition, using the web-based MASIA tool, identifies areas of conservation in aligned protein sequences. By structurally annotating these motifs, the sequence can be parsed into individual building blocks, molecular legos ("molegos"), that can eventually be related to function. Here, the approach is applied to the(More)
Picornaviruses have a 22-24 amino acid peptide, VPg, bound covalently at the 5' end of their RNA, that is essential for replication. VPgs are uridylylated at a conserved tyrosine to form VPgpU, the primer of RNA synthesis by the viral polymerase. This first complete structure for any uridylylated VPg, of poliovirus type 1 (PV1)-VPgpU, shows that conserved(More)
Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1), a central enzyme in the base excision repair pathway, cleaves damaged DNA in Mg(2+) dependent reaction. Despite characterization of nine X-ray crystallographic structures of human APE1, in some cases, bound to various metal ions and substrate/product, the position of the metal ion and its stoichiometry for the(More)
Rational approaches have been extensively used to investigate the role of active site residues in cytochrome P450 (CYP) functions. However, recent studies using random mutagenesis suggest an important role for non-active site residues in CYP functions. Meta-analysis of the random mutants showed that 75% of the functionally important non-active site residues(More)
For currently unknown reasons, the evolution of CYP3A4 underwent acceleration in the human lineage after the split from chimpanzee. We investigated the significance of this event by comparing Escherichia coli-expressed CYP3A4 from humans, chimpanzee, and their most recent common ancestor. The expression level of chimpanzee CYP3A4 was approximately 50% of(More)
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