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Cholesterol is eliminated from neurons by oxidization, which generates oxysterols. Cholesterol oxidation is mediated by the enzymes cholesterol 24-hydroxylase (CYP46A1) and cholesterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27A1). Immunocytochemical studies show that CYP46A1 and CYP27A1 are expressed in neurons and some astrocytes in the normal brain, and CYP27A1 is present in(More)
Secretion and progressive cerebral accumulation of beta-amyloid peptides (A beta), which derive by endoproteolytic ('amyloidogenic') processing of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP), are felt to represent collectively an early and necessary event in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. APP amyloidogenic processing can occur via secretory or(More)
Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM) is a chronic lymphoproliferative disorder within the spectrum of lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma characterized by proliferation of plasma cells, small lymphocytes, and plasmacytoid lymphocytes. Central nervous system involvement is very rare (Bing-Neel [BN] syndrome). We present the case of a 62-year-old woman previously(More)
BACKGROUND The natural history of cerebral aneurysms derived from metastatic spread of cardiac myxomas is not well known, and their management presents many dilemmas. METHODS Case report and literature review. RESULTS An 18-year-old man presented with an intraparenchymal hemorrhage several months after resection of an atrial myxoma. Angiography showed(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE Prevention of rebleeding is the most important aspect of the management of hemorrhagic moyamoya disease, because rebleeding causes significant morbidity and mortality. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 26-year-old male patient with a history of moyamoya disease since the age of 3 years and multiple strokes was in a semicomatose state at(More)
Secretion and progressive cerebral accumulation of beta-amyloid peptides (Abeta) derived by endoproteolytic ("amyloidogenic") processing of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) represent collectively an early and necessary event in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. We previously demonstrated that secretion of the neurotoxic species Abeta42 increases(More)
We describe a case of cerebellar pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) occurring in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). The histomorphology of this uncommon glial (astrocytic) neoplasm is discussed. The occurrence of this tumor within the posterior fossa is extremely rare. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a cerebellar PXA in a(More)
BACKGROUND We report an unusual case of a true dural aneurysm arising from the posterior meningeal artery that fed a symptomatic dural arteriovenous fistula located at the right transverse-sigmoid sinus junction. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 29-year-old right-handed white woman presented with aneurysmal dilatation of hypertrophied posterior meningeal artery(More)
We report the case of an adult patient with pineoblastoma (PBL) who had a complete radiographic response following treatment with vorinostat and retinoic acid. This regimen was used to treat bulky residual tumor that persisted despite radiation therapy (RT) and two cycles of cytotoxic chemotherapy. Vorinostat and retinoic acid were chosen as an alternative(More)