Nullin Divecha

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The NAD-dependent deacetylase SIR2 and the forkhead transcription factor DAF-16 regulate lifespan in model organisms, such as yeast and C. elegans. Here we show that the mammalian SIR2 ortholog SIRT1 deacetylates and represses the activity of the forkhead transcription factor Foxo3a and other mammalian forkhead factors. This regulation appears to be in the(More)
Phosphoinositides (PtdInsPs) play critical roles in cytoplasmic signal transduction pathways. However, their functions in the nucleus are unclear, as specific nuclear receptors for PtdInsPs have not been identified. Here, we show that ING2, a candidate tumor suppressor protein, is a nuclear PtdInsP receptor. ING2 contains a plant homeodomain (PHD) finger, a(More)
Multivesicular bodies are endocytic compartments containing multiple small vesicles that originate from the invagination and 'pinching off' of the limiting membrane into the luminal space [1] [2] [3]. The molecular mechanisms responsible for the formation of these compartments are unknown. In the human melanoma cell line Mel JuSo, newly synthesised major(More)
When Swiss 3T3 cells are treated with Insulin-like Growth Factor I, a rapid decrease in the mass of polyphosphoinositol lipids (phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate) occurs within the nuclei, with a concomitant increase in nuclear diacylglycerol and translocation of protein kinase C to the nuclear region. This is in(More)
DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK), which is involved in DNA double-stranded break repair and V(D)J recombination, comprises a DNA-targeting component called Ku and an approximately 460 kDa catalytic subunit, DNA-PKcs. Here, we describe the cloning of the DNA-PKcs cDNA and show that DNA-PKcs falls into the phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase family.(More)
Spindle positioning is an essential feature of asymmetric cell division. The conserved PAR proteins together with heterotrimeric G proteins control spindle positioning in animal cells, but how these are linked is not known. In C. elegans, PAR protein activity leads to asymmetric spindle placement through cortical asymmetry of Galpha regulators GPR-1/2.(More)
At the end of cell division, cytokinesis splits the cytoplasm of nascent daughter cells and partitions segregated sister genomes. To coordinate cell division with chromosome segregation, the mitotic spindle controls cytokinetic events at the cell envelope. The spindle midzone stimulates the actomyosin-driven contraction of the cleavage furrow, which(More)
Diverse methodologies, ranging from activity measurements in various nuclear subfractions to electron microscopy, have been used to demonstrate and establish that many of the key lipids and enzymes responsible for the metabolism of inositol lipids are resident in nuclei. PtdIns(4)P, PtdIns(4,5)P2 and PtdOH are all present in nuclei, as well as the(More)
BACKGROUND Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) initiates intracellular signalling by inducing the formation of a heteromeric complex between TGF-beta type I (TbetaR-I) and TGF-beta type II serine/threonine kinase receptors (TbetaR-II). After the activation of TbetaR-I kinase by TbetaR-II kinase, specific receptor-regulated Smads (R-Smads) are(More)
Previous data suggest the existence of discrete pools of inositol lipids, which are components of a nuclear phosphoinositide (PI) cycle. However, it is not known whether the contents of these pools are regulated during cell proliferation. In the present study we demonstrate that the mass levels of three important constituents of the nuclear PI cycle are(More)