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A 33-year-old latex glove inspector was diagnosed as having occupational asthma on the basis of peak flow and methacholine-responsiveness changes related to workplace exposure. She had latex sensitivity by skin prick testing. This finding led to a survey of her workplace. Of the 81 workers, 84% completed a questionnaire to assess work-related respiratory(More)
Several microbial pathogens augment their invasive potential by binding and activating human plasminogen to generate the proteolytic enzyme plasmin. Yeast cells and cell wall proteins (CWP) of the human pathogenic fungus Candida albicans bound plasminogen with a K(d) of 70 +/- 11 nM and 112 +/- 20 nM respectively. Bound plasminogen could be activated to(More)
The enzyme methylglyoxal synthase (MGS) was partially purified from Escherichia coli extracts, and the amino-terminal sequence of candidate proteins was determined, based on the native protein being a tetramer of about 69 kDa. Database analysis identified an open reading frame in the E. coli genome, YccG, corresponding to a protein of 16.9 kDa. When(More)
The distribution of PAI-1 in the plasma and platelets of normal individuals and of patients with platelet abnormalities was studied. An ELISA, capable of measuring PAI-1 in plasma at 1.5 ng/ml, and a functional assay of t-PA inhibition were used to assay platelet-free plasma (PFP), platelet-rich plasma in which the platelets were lysed (PRP) and serum. The(More)
Plasminogen binding by bacteria is a virulence factor important for the entry and dissemination of bacteria in the body. A wide variety of bacteria bind plasminogen, including both organisms causing disease and components of the normal oral flora. The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of plasminogen binding by six clinical isolates of(More)
The carboxypeptidase, TAFIa or CPU, is known to prolong plasma clot lysis by tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and to have a role in thrombus stability in vivo. This current study examined lysis by urokinase (uPA) and single chain urokinase (scuPA) in addition to tPA. Further, we investigated the role of TAFIa in a model thrombus system, in which thrombi(More)
Factor XIII (FXIII) generates fibrin-fibrin and fibrin-inhibitor cross-links. Our flow model, which is sensitive to cross-linking, was used to assess the effects of FXIII and the fibrinolytic inhibitor, α₂-antiplasmin (α₂AP) on fibrinolysis. Plasma model thrombi formed from FXIII or α₂AP depleted plasma lysed at strikingly similar rates, 9-fold faster than(More)
This study examined whether intraluminal thrombus in abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is a source of fibrinolytic activity and proteolysis that could weaken the aneurysm wall. Plasmin, tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), and urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) activity, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1), and alpha2-antiplasmin (alpha2AP) antigen(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor 2 (PAI-2) is a major product of activated human monocytes. Here we show that monocytes inhibited u-PA- but not t-PA-mediated fibrinolysis, by secreting PAI-2 into an overlying fibrin clot. Extracts of arterial and venous human thrombi were found to contain active PAI-2. PAI-2 was cross-linked to fibrin in a reaction catalyzed(More)
The proteins of the fibrinolytic system have been examined in the human normal and atherosclerotic arterial wall by immunohistochemical techniques and by quantitative immunoassay of extracts. The concentration of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) increased significantly during the progression from normal vessels to fatty streaks to the developed(More)