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The projection from the thalamic centre médian-parafascicular (CM-Pf) complex to the caudate nucleus and putamen forms a massive striatal input system in primates. We examined the activity of 118 neurons in the CM and 62 neurons in the Pf nuclei of the thalamus and 310 tonically active neurons (TANs) in the striatum in awake behaving macaque monkeys and(More)
Nystatin-perforated patch recordings were made from mechanically dissociated basolateral amygdala neurons with preserved intact native presynaptic nerve terminals to study the mechanism of 5-HT3 receptor-mediated serotonergic modulation of GABAergic inhibition. The specific 5-HT3 agonist mCPBG (1 microM) rapidly facilitated the frequency of GABAergic(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) is considered to play a significant role in anxiety-related behaviors in animals through actions on the amygdaloid complex. To evaluate this role from the point of neurotransmitter release regulation, nystatin-perforated patch recording was employed on mechanically dissociated basolateral amygdala neurons containing functional synaptic(More)
Classical lissencephaly (LIS) is a neuronal migration disorder resulting in brain malformation, epilepsy and mental retardation. Deletions or mutations of LIS1 on 17p13.3 and mutations in XLIS ( DCX ) on Xq22.3-q23 produce LIS. Direct DNA sequencing of LIS1 and XLIS was performed in 25 children with sporadic LIS and no deletion of LIS1 by fluorescence in(More)
Brain-type fatty acid-binding protein (B-FABP) belongs to a family of intracellular lipid-binding proteins. B-FABP exhibits a binding affinity to long-chain fatty acids (FAs) whose effects on brain functions including development, emotion, learning and memory have been proposed. B-FABP is localized in the ventricular germinal cells in embryonic brain and(More)
Subcortical band heterotopia (SBH) are bilateral and symmetric ribbons of gray matter found in the central white matter between the cortex and the ventricular surface, which comprises the less severe end of the lissencephaly (agyria-pachygyria-band) spectrum of malformations. Mutations in DCX (also known as XLIS ) have previously been described in females(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to study the prevalence and mortality of subjects exhibiting the Brugada-type electrocardiogram (ECG) in a community-based population in Japan. BACKGROUND The Brugada syndrome has been associated with sudden death in subjects without structural heart disease. Hospital-based studies showed 11% to 38% annual fatal arrhythmic events in(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) belong to the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family and have been identified as factors that stimulate bone formation in vivo. They turned out to be multifunctional molecules regulating the growth, differentiation, and apoptosis in various target cells. Some BMPs and their receptors (BMPRs) are expressed on(More)