Nozomi Hayakawa

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This study was carried out to clarify the presentation, treatment options, and prognosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) metastasis to the bladder in which we do not yet have a comprehensive understanding. A systematic Medline, Web of Science, Embase, Google, and Ichushi Web search was performed to identify articles describing RCC metastasis to the bladder.(More)
To externally validate the prognostic impact of preoperative neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (pre-NLR) in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) following radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). A total of 665 patients from 12 institutions were included. The median follow-up was 28 months. Associations between pre-NLR level and outcome were assessed(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Few studies have addressed the predictive value of positive urine cytology for prognosis in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). We investigated whether the status of preoperative urine cytology could provide additional prognostic information following radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). MATERIALS AND METHODS The(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate oncological outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) who experienced disease recurrence after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). Few studies have focused on the clinical courses of patients who experienced disease recurrence after RNU. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 204 UTUC(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have discussed the prognostic impact of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the perioperative level of CRP provides additional prognostic information following radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A total of 564 patients(More)
UNLABELLED WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is relatively uncommon, accounting for only ~5% of urothelial malignancies and 10% of all renal tumours. Radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) with bladder cuff excision is the surgical standard of care for treating localized UTUC, but the prognosis for(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) is one particular marker of systemic inflammation, and an elevated CRP level is associated with poor outcome in various malignancies. While the clinical value of CRP levels in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) has not yet been fully evaluated, we investigated the impact of CRP elevation as a(More)
This retrospective chart review study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of estramustine phosphate sodium hydrate (EMP) monotherapy in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and to determine who would benefit from EMP therapy. EMP was administered at a daily dose of 560 mg to 102 patients as a third-line therapy, who had already(More)
This study was designed to detect the factors that were significantly associated with the results of anti-androgen withdrawal (AAWD) therapy, and to examine whether patients with aggressive prostate cancer demonstrating a short prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-doubling time (DT) could benefit from it without even greater exacerbation of the disease. We(More)
INTRODUCTON Prostate cancer has been found incidentally in transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) specimens without prior diagnosis in 5% to 13% of the patients. We evaluated whether incidental prostate cancer (stages T1a and T1b) could be predicted preoperatively. METHODS TURP was performed in 307 patients between 2006 and 2011. Patient age,(More)