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We analyzed the results of transcranial sonography (TCS) on 110 Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients, 30 essential tremor (ET) patients and 110 controls in a Chinese population and compared our findings to the previous literatures. The echo signal intensity of midbrain substantia nigra (SN) was measured and divided into grade I–V. If the high echo signal(More)
BACKGROUND One of the frequent symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is tremor which can severely cause disability. Treatment of tremor in MS patients is still very challenging to manage. In this study, we sought to determine the efficacy of Levetiracetam on treatment of MS-related tremor. MATERIALS AND METHODS This clinical trial study was conducted among(More)
Head injury is a common occurrence in motor vehicle accidents. There are numerous causes for cranial nerve injury that include head trauma or other lesions. Few studies regarding cranial nerve injury following mild head trauma (GCS: 14 - 15) exist in the literature. The oculomotor nerve is a somatic and visceral motor nerve. When it is completely injured(More)
Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF) is a venous malformation that permits right to left shunting of blood, bypassing the pulmonary capillary bed. Often PAVFs are seen in association with hereditary conditions. On the other hand, isolated PAVFs are rare and asymptomatic. There have been few reports of isolated PAVF related complications. A patient was(More)
Lhermitte's sign (LS) is one of the sensory injuries of the spinal cord which is frequent in some demyelinating diseases. The sign refers to a transient electric-shock like sensation and sometimes tingling or buzzing in the neck that runs down the spine and into limbs. It is triggered by movement including the flexion and rarely by extension or rotation of(More)
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