Nourkhoda Sadeghifard

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Multiple drug-resistant strains of Acinetobacter have created therapeutic problems worldwide. This study was conducted to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and prevalence of bla(OXA-type) carbapenemases among isolates of Acinetobacter spp. obtained from Iranian patients. Here, 128 Acinetobacter isolates were identified at the species(More)
Clostridium difficile is a major spore-forming environmental pathogen that causes serious health problems in patients undergoing antibiotic therapy. Consequently, reliable and sensitive methods for typing individual strains are required for epidemiological and environmental studies. Ribotyping is generally considered the best method, but it fails to account(More)
Although analysis of toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems can be instructive, to date, there is no information on the prevalence and identity of TA systems based on a large panel of Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates. The aim of the current study was to screen for functional TA systems among clinical isolates of A. baumannii and to identify the systems'(More)
BACKGROUND Shigella spp. are major cause of diarrhoeal disease in both developing and developed countries. Shigella sonnei is the serogroup of Shigella most frequently responsible for sporadic and epidemic enteritis in developed countries. In recent years the emergence and spread of S. sonnei biotype g carrying class 2 integron have been frequently reported(More)
A total of 100 non-duplicate Acinetobacter baumannii isolates were collected from different hospitals in Tehran and were confirmed as A. baumannii by conventional biochemical and API testing. Antimicrobial susceptibility of these isolates was checked by a disk diffusion method in accordance with CLSI guidelines. The isolates were then detected as carrying(More)
The aims of this study were to assess primary resistance of H. pylori strains isolated from adult patients of Ilam, Iran to antibacterial agents (amoxicillin, clarithromycin, metronidazole and tetracycline) and detection of clarithromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, metronidazole and tetracycline resistance by disc diffusion. Fifty biopsies were taken(More)
There are increasing reports of emergence of multiple drug resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter spp in the world; however there are a few reports in our country. 145 A. baumannii isolates from distinct wards and Children's Medical Center (CMC) in Tehran were studied in order to find the profile of antibiotic resistance among them. 40.6% (59/145) of A. baumannii(More)
Extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are defined as enzymes produced by certain bacteria that are able to hydrolyze extended spectrum cephalosporin. They are therefore effective against beta-lactam antibiotics such as ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime and oxyimino-monobactam. The objective of the current review is to provide a better understanding(More)
Problem statement: Gram-negative pathogens harboring ESBLs have caused numerous outbreaks of infections and are becoming an increasing therapeutic problem in many countries. The incidence of ESBL-producing strains among clinical isolates has been steadily increasing over the past years resulting in limitations of therapeutic option. The focus of this study(More)
The toxin-antitoxin (TA) system is a regulatory system where two sets of genes encode the toxin and its corresponding antitoxin. In this study, the prevalence of TA systems in independently isolated clinical isolates of Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis was determined, the dominant TA system was identified, different virulence genes in E.(More)