Noureddine Bouaïcha

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Microcystin-LR (MCYST-LR) and nodularin (NOD) produced by cyanobacteria are potent specific hepatotoxins. However, the mechanisms of their hepatotoxicity have not been fully elucidated. In the present study the effect of non cytotoxic low concentrations of MCYST-LR and NOD on intracellular reduced glutathione (GSH) alteration, reactive oxygen species (ROS)(More)
The estrogenic activity of cyanobacterial hepatotoxins microcystin-LR (MC-LR) and nodularin-R (NOD-R) was for the first time investigated invitro in a stably transfect cell line with an estrogen-regulated luciferase gene. Treatment of cells with NOD-R caused a dose-dependent increase in the luciferase activity. NOD-R gave rise to an induction of luciferase(More)
Microcystin-LR (MCYST-LR) and nodularin (NOD) are known as tumor promoters in experimental animals and so present potential health threats for humans. Although their hepatotoxic mechanisms have been very well documented, many other effects of these toxins are relatively undescribed, indeed controversial, notably those related to their genotoxicity. In the(More)
Microcystins analysis was conducted in field cyanobacterial bloom samples and dead terrapin tissues from Lake Oubeira (Algeria) with an aim of studying the cause of the mortality of the freshwater terrapin species Emys orbicularis and Mauremys leprosa during October 2005. The deaths of these two terrapin species were observed during a bloom of Microcystis(More)
Eight clones of the toxic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima (Ehrenberg) Dodge from four sites (two clones per site) on the coral reef of La Réunion, Mayotte, Europa, and Mauritius Islands in the SW Indian Ocean were isolated and cultivated under the same conditions. Morphological features of each clone, including cell size and valve and marginal pore(More)
From the culture broth of a fungus, two metabolites have been isolated: bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) precedently isolated from Streptomyces sp. and 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-oxoacetaldehyde oxime (PHBA) here reported as a natural compound in the (E)-s-cis configuration. The producing organism was identified as a strain of Penicillium olsonii. Culture(More)
Lake Oubeira has been used as the main source of drinking water for many communities in the East of Algeria. In this lake, nutrient loading coupled with year-round warm weather favors the growth of cyanobacteria, several of which can produce cyanotoxins, especially the potent liver toxins called microcystins (MCYSTs). The present study evaluated microcystin(More)
Microcystins (MCs) produced from cyanobacteria can accumulate in freshwater fish tissues. In this study, variations in these toxins content were examined monthly in water samples and two species of fish in Lake Oubeira, Algeria, from April 2010 to March 2011. During the study period, MCs were analyzed using protein phosphatase type 2A (PP2A) inhibition(More)
The impact of a crude extract of Microcystis aeruginosa (PCC7820) containing 14 microcystin variants was investigated on seeds germination and radicles development of four agricultural plants: two tomato varieties Solanum lycopersicum (MicroTom and Saint-Pierre), the wheat Triticum aestivum and the lettuce Lactuca sativa. In addition, the effect of 14(More)
Microcystins are the most common cyanotoxins and may be expected wherever blooms of cyanobacteria occur in surface waters. Their persistence both in the irrigation water and in the soil can lead to their transfer and bioaccumulation into agricultural plants. The aim of this work was to investigate microcystin accumulation in Solanum lycopersicum cultivar(More)