Notger G. Müller

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The cortical integration of auditory and visual features is crucial for efficient object recognition. Previous studies have shown that audiovisual (AV) integration is affected by where and when auditory and visual features occur. However, because relatively little is known about the impact of what is integrated, we here investigated the impact of semantic(More)
Aerobic exercise in young adults can induce vascular plasticity in the hippocampus, a critical region for recall and recognition memory. In a mechanistic proof-of-concept intervention over 3 months, we investigated whether healthy older adults (60-77 years) also show such plasticity. Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and volume (rCBV) were measured with(More)
Attending a certain region in space enhances activity in visual areas retinotopically mapped to this region; stimuli presented in this region are preferentially processed. The zoom lens model of visual attention proposes that the attended region can be adjusted in size and predicts a tradeoff between its size and processing efficiency because of limited(More)
By enhancing neural activity in respective retinotopic cortical representations attention increases the efficiency with which visual information at a selected location is processed. Behavioral data also suggest that information from the vicinity of the attended region is actively suppressed. In search for a physiological correlate of this 'spotlight's(More)
We assessed the interference by distracter letters on target discrimination as a function of the distance between incompatible distracters and target. The slope of the response time-distance function supports a Mexican hat pattern of attentional modulation in the visual field. We relate the results to our recent finding of neural activity suppression in(More)
We investigated the interaction between object- and space-based attention by measuring activity in early visual cortex. After central cueing, when subjects directed attention to a spatially defined part of an object, activity in early visual areas was enhanced at corresponding retinotopic representations but also at representations of other locations(More)
Previous experience allows the brain to predict what comes next. How these expectations affect conscious experience is poorly understood. In particular, it is unknown whether and when expectations interact with sensory evidence in granting access to conscious perception, and how this is reflected electrophysiologically. Here, we parametrically manipulate(More)
Several regions in human temporal and frontal cortex are known to integrate visual and auditory object features. The processing of audio-visual (AV) associations in these regions has been found to be modulated by object familiarity. The aim of the present study was to explore training-induced plasticity in human cortical AV integration. We used functional(More)
Successful remembering involves both hindering irrelevant information from entering working memory (WM) and actively maintaining relevant information online. Using a voxelwise lesion-behavior brain mapping approach in stroke patients, we observed that lesions of the left basal ganglia render WM susceptible to irrelevant information. Lesions of the right(More)
Previous studies have shown that processing information in one sensory modality can either be enhanced or attenuated by concurrent stimulation of another modality. Here, we reconcile these apparently contradictory results by showing that the sign of cross-modal interactions depends on whether the content of two modalities is associated or not. When(More)