Norvik Voskanian

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Minimizing Joule heating remains an important goal in the design of electronic devices. The prevailing model of Joule heating relies on a simple semiclassical picture in which electrons collide with the atoms of a conductor, generating heat locally and only in regions of non-zero current density, and this model has been supported by most experiments.(More)
We describe the design and operation of a system for xenon liquefaction in which the condenser is separated from the liquid storage vessel. The condenser is cooled by a pulse tube cryocooler, while the vessel is cooled only by the liquid xenon itself. This arrangement facilitates liquid particle detector research by allowing easy access to the upper and(More)
8 We describe the design and operation of a system for xenon liquefaction 9 in which the condenser is separated from the liquid storage vessel. The 10 condenser is cooled by a pulse tube cryocooler, while the vessel is cooled 11 only by the liquid xenon itself. This arrangement facilitates liquid particle 12 detector research by allowing easy access to the(More)
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