Norton P Peet

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The plasmodial surface anion channel (PSAC) increases erythrocyte permeability to many solutes in malaria but has uncertain physiological significance. We used a PSAC inhibitor with different efficacies against channels from two Plasmodium falciparum parasite lines and found concordant effects on transport and in vitro parasite growth when external nutrient(More)
Murine macrophage-derived tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) gene expression has been shown to be dramatically induced by bacterial lipopolysaccharide, and to be dependent upon nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) binding sites in its promoter for the lipopolysaccharide induction. Murine J774.1 macrophage cells were found to predominantly express the(More)
Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus are the leading causative agents of indwelling medical device infections because of their ability to form biofilms on artificial surfaces. Here we describe the antibiofilm activity of a class of small molecules, the aryl rhodanines, which specifically inhibit biofilm formation of S. aureus, S.(More)
The structurally related neuropeptides, substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA), and neurokinin B (NKB), which belong to a family of molecules termed tachykinins and are widely distributed in the central and peripheral nervous systems, influence the function of many tissues. SP and NKA have links to the following chronic diseases: asthma, inflammatory bowel(More)
Members of the resistance-nodulation-division (RND) family of efflux pumps, such as AcrAB-TolC of Escherichia coli, play major roles in multidrug resistance (MDR) in Gram-negative bacteria. A strategy for combating MDR is to develop efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs) for use in combination with an antibacterial agent. Here, we describe MBX2319, a novel(More)
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are the most potent of known toxins and are listed as category A biothreat agents by the U.S. CDC. The BoNT-mediated proteolysis of SNARE proteins inhibits the exocytosis of acetylcholine into neuromuscular junctions, leading to life-threatening flaccid paralysis. Currently, the only therapy for BoNT intoxication (which results(More)
Antimicrobial susceptibilities of 233 gram-positive and 180 gram-negative strains to two novel bis-indoles were evaluated. Both compounds were potent inhibitors of gram-positive bacteria, with MIC(90) values of 0.004 to 0.5 microg/ml. One bis-indole, MBX 1162, exhibited potent activity against all gram-negative strains, with MIC(90) values of 0.12 to 4(More)
Many genetic (gene deletion, interruption or mutation), epigenetic (such as antisense or small interfering RNA) and immunological methods are being applied in 'high-throughput target validation' studies of the novel potential targets arising from whole genome sequencing. Such applications often focus on 'loss of function' approaches. However, target(More)
Influenza viruses are a major public health threat worldwide, and options for antiviral therapy are limited by the emergence of drug-resistant virus strains. The influenza virus glycoprotein hemagglutinin (HA) plays critical roles in the early stage of virus infection, including receptor binding and membrane fusion, making it a potential target for the(More)
Methylenecyclopropane nucleosides have been reported to be active against many of the human herpesviruses. The most active compound of this class is cyclopropavir (CPV), which exhibits good antiviral activity against human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), Epstein-Barr virus, both variants of human herpesvirus 6, and human herpesvirus 8. CPV has two hydroxymethyl(More)