Norton Heise

Learn More
The pathogenic protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi expresses on its surface an unusual family of glycoinositolphospholipids (GIPLs) closely related to glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors. Different parasite isolates express distinct GIPLs which fall into two series, depending on the substitution of the third mannosyl residue in the conserved glycan(More)
Burkholderia brasiliensis, a Gram-negative diazotrophic endophytic bacterium, was first isolated from roots, stems, and leaves of rice plant in Brazil. The polysaccharide moiety was released by ammonolysis from the B. brasiliensis lipopolysaccharide (LPS), allowing the unambiguous characterization of a 3,6-dideoxy-4-C-(1-hydroxyethyl)-D-xylo-hexose(More)
The increased resistance of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi to nitro derivatives is one of the major problems for the successful treatment of Chagas' disease. In the present study, we have tested the effects of 1-O-hexadecylphosphocholine (miltefosine) against strains of T. cruzi that are partially resistant (strain Y) and highly resistant (strain(More)
The survival of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease, depends vitally on proteins and glycoconjugates that mediate the parasite/host interaction. Since most of these molecules are attached to the membrane by glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI), alternative means of chemotherapeutic intervention might emerge from GPI biosynthesis studies.(More)
In the present study, we characterized the in vitro modulation of NETs (neutrophil extracellular traps) induced in human neutrophils by the opportunistic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans, evaluating the participation of capsular polysaccharides glucuronoxylomanan (GXM) and glucuronoxylomannogalactan (GXMGal) in this phenomenon. The mutant acapsular strain(More)
Complex glycoinositolphosphoryl ceramides (GIPCs) have been purified from a pathogenic encapsulated wild-type (WT) strain of Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans and from an acapsular mutant (Cap67). The structures of the GIPCs were determined by a combination of tandem mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, methylation analysis, gas(More)
This study reports, for the first time, the detection of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) membrane anchors in proteins of a pathogenic fungus, Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Taking into account that fungal antigens are found in the sera of paracoccidioidiomycosis patients and that cleavage of this glycolipid by phospholipases is a means of selective(More)
The presence of GPI anchors and phospholipases capable of solubilizing them in Trypanosoma cruzi has been investigated in epimastigotes, metacyclic trypomastigotes from axenic cultures and tissue culture trypomastigotes. The GPI anchored proteins in epimastigote forms are scarce when compared to their abundance in the parasite forms which can infect(More)
The carbohydrate moieties displayed by pathogenic protozoan parasites exhibit many unusual structural features and their expression is often developmentally regulated. These unique structures suggest a specific relationship between such carbohydrates and parasite pathogenicity. Studies of infected humans indicate that immune responses to protozoan parasites(More)
Miltefosine has been shown to be a very active compound against Trypanosoma cruzi. Here, we evaluated the effects of miltefosine on the activity of the Na(+)-ATPase and protein kinase C (PKC) present in the plasma membrane of T. cruzi. Furosemide (2mM), a specific inhibitor of Na(+)-ATPase, abolished the growth of T. cruzi showing a crucial role of this(More)