Norrima Mokhtar

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The Vector Evaluated Particle Swarm Optimisation algorithm is widely used to solve multiobjective optimisation problems. This algorithm optimises one objective using a swarm of particles where their movements are guided by the best solution found by another swarm. However, the best solution of a swarm is only updated when a newly generated solution has(More)
This paper presents a wheelchair navigation system based on a hidden Markov model (HMM), which we developed to assist those with restricted mobility. The semi-autonomous system is equipped with obstacle/collision avoidance sensors and it takes the electrooculography (EOG) signal traces from the user as commands to maneuver the wheelchair. The EOG traces(More)
In the system introduced in this report, a ceiling map is shared by mobile robots inside a building. Firstly, the map is generated from a video trough an "upward" camera on a leading robot. Next, location of a following robot is estimated and plotted on the map. If there is debris on the floor, the estimated location contains error. To avoid this(More)
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) has certain unique properties such as selfassembly and selfcomplementary in hybridization, which are important in many DNA-based technologies. DNA computing, for example, uses these properties to realize a computation, in vitro, which consists of several chemical reactions. Other DNA-based technologies such as DNAbased(More)
In this study, an asynchronous wheelchair navigation system using a hybrid of EEG signal and EOG artifacts embedded in EEG signals is demonstrated. The EEG signals are recorded at three different locations on the scalp in the occipital and motor cortex regions. First, an EEG signal related to eyelid position is analyzed and used to determine whether the(More)
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) has certain unique properties such as selfassembly and self-complementary in hybridization, which are important in many DNAbased technologies. DNA computing, for example, uses these properties to realize a computation in vitro, which consists of several chemical reactions. Other DNA-based technologies such as DNA-based(More)
Because decisions made by human inspectors often involve subjective judgment, in addition to being intensive and therefore costly, an automated approach for printed circuit board (PCB) inspection is preferred to eliminate subjective discrimination and thus provide fast, quantitative, and dimensional assessments. In this study, defect classification is(More)
Peak detection is a significant step in analyzing the electroencephalography (EEG) signal because peaks may represent meaningful brain activities. Several approaches can be used for peak point detection such as time domain, frequency domain, time-frequency domain, and nonlinear approaches. The main intention of this study is to find the significant peak(More)
In the automatic detection of Cryptosporidium and Giardia (oo)cysts in water samples, low contrast and noise in the microscopic images can adversely affect the accuracy of the segmentation results. An improved partial differential equation (PDE) filtering that achieves a better trade-off between noise removal and edge preservation is introduced where the(More)