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In the nervous system of the hawkmoth, Manduca sexta, cells expressing the period (per)gene were mapped by in situ hybridization and immunocytochemical methods. Digoxigenin-labeled riboprobes were transcribed from a 1-kb M. sexta per cDNA. Monoclonal anti-PER antibodies were raised to peptide antigens translated from both M. sexta and Drosophila(More)
An antiserum against crustacean cardioactive peptide was used, in indirect immunocytochemistry on whole-mounts and Vibratome sections, to map immunoreactive neurons at various stages of postembryonic development of the hawkmoth Manduca sexta. About 90 immunoreactive neurons were identified. Many of these cells are immunoreactive at hatching and persist into(More)
Allatotropin is a neuropeptide that was originally isolated from the sphinx moth Manduca sexta, in which it stimulates the synthesis of juvenile hormone in adults (Kataoka et al. 1989). An antiserum raised against this peptide was characterized, shown to be specific for allatotropin and used in a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to(More)
Antisera were raised against leucokinin IV, a member of the leucokinin peptide family. Immunohistochemical localization of leucokinin immunoreactivity in the brain of the cockroach Nauphoeta cinerea revealed neurosecretory cells in the pars intercerebralis and pars lateralis, several bilateral pairs of interneurons in the protocerebrum, and a group of(More)
For normal development of Manduca sexta larvae, the ecdysteroid titer must drop following its sudden rise at the start of the molting cycle; this sudden decline in titer may be due to myoinhibitory peptide I (MIP I), which has an inhibitory effect on the release of ecdysone by the prothoracic glands of Bombyx mori in vitro. Using an antiserum to MIP, we(More)
Knowledge of the neuroanatomy of the sucking pump of Manduca sexta (Sphingidae) is valuable for studies of olfactory learning, pattern generators, and postembryonic modification of motor circuitry. The pump comprises a cibarial valve, a buccal pump, and an esophageal sphincter valve. Cibarial opener and closer muscles control the cibarial valve. Six pairs(More)
Cardiograms demonstrate that heart activity of Manduca sexta changes from larva, to pupa, to adult. The larval heart has only anterograde contractions. During metamorphosis, heart activity becomes a cyclic alternation of anterograde and retrograde contractions. Thus, the adult heart has both an anterograde and a retrograde pacemaker. External stimuli also(More)
The YXFGLamide C-terminus serves to define most members of a family of structurally related neuropeptides, the YXFGLamides. These peptides have been identified from the nervous system of various insects and include the allatostatins of cockroaches and crickets, the schistostatins of locusts, and the callatostatins of blowflies. The YXFGLamides have been(More)
Antisera against a variety of vertebrate and invertebrate neuropeptides were used to map cerebral neurosecretory cells in the sphinx moth Manduca sexta. Intense immunoreactive staining of distinct populations of neurosecretory cells was obtained with antisera against locust adipokinetic hormone, bovine pancreatic polypeptide, FMRFamide, molluscan small(More)
The median neuroendocrine cells of the subesophageal ganglion, important components of the neuroendocrine system of the tobacco hawkmoth, Manduca sexta, have not been well investigated. Therefore, we studied the anatomy of these cells by axonal backfills and characterized their peptide immunoreactivities. Both larvae and adults were examined, and(More)