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Consumers of marijuana typically feel a strong, compulsive desire to consume food. Although past research revealed that the CB1 cannabinoid receptor is a potent regulator of food intake, the functional presence of neuronal CB2 cannabinoid receptors in the brain has been controversial. The role of CB2 receptors in food and alcohol consumption and the(More)
Estimates are that as many as 44,000 humans are exposed to cocaine in utero per year. In this study we examined the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on one aspect of the mother-infant relationship in mice, infant ultrasonic calls. We mated C57BL/10J female mice with males of three different inbred strains (producing pups of three different F(1)(More)
This study shows that the BTBR T+tf/J mouse, a model for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), has increased levels of the stress hormone corticosterone, when compared to C57BL/6J mice. In addition, we have shown that tail suspension of the BTBR produces a heightened anxiety response in the elevated plus maze. These results suggest that the BTBR mouse is(More)
There has been a revival of interest recently in the ultrasonic calls of infant rodents as investigators are using them to assess neurobehavioral development and animal models of anxiety. We compared the rates of ultrasonic calling of infant mice of two genotypes in two situations, cold and rotation. The subjects of study were 169 mouse pups from 29 litters(More)
Ultrasonic calls produced by young mice reliably elicit investigation and retrieval by adults. While there are large individual differences in the characteristics of these calls, little work has been done to partition that variation. We completed a 4 x 4 diallel cross and Hayman analyses on several characteristics of these cries. The major result was the(More)
Environment may affect brain activity through cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) only if there are regulatory molecules or cascades in CSF that are sensitive to external stimuli. This study was designed to identify regulatory activity present in CSF, better elucidating environmental regulation of brain function. By using cannulation-based sequential CSF sampling(More)
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are heterogenous neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by impairment in social, communication skills and stereotype behaviors. While autism may be uniquely human, there are behavioral characteristics in ASDs that can be mimicked using animal models. We used the BTBR T+tf/J mice that have been shown to exhibit(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated alterations in maternal retrieval behavior as a result of direct cocaine exposure. To establish the influence of prenatal cocaine exposure on pup retrieval, we exposed pups of three F1 genotypes by injecting their mothers (all C57BL/10J strain) with 20 mg/kg cocaine hydrochloride or saline subcutaneously on gestation days(More)
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