Norman Roberts

Learn More
L-Arginine is the precursor of NO (nitric oxide), a key endogenous mediator involved in endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation and platelet function. Although the concentration of intracellular L-arginine is well above the Km for NO synthesis, in many cells and pathological conditions the transport of L-arginine is essential for NO production (L-arginine(More)
1. Transport of L-arginine and the nitric oxide synthase inhibitors NG-monomethyl-L-arginine and NG-nitro-L-arginine was investigated in human erythrocytes from healthy donors and uraemic patients on haemodialysis. 2. Although K(m) values for total L-arginine influx were not significantly different in erythrocytes freshly isolated from controls or uraemic(More)
The susceptibility of Escherichia coli and Helicobacter pylori to pH and the effect of pepsin-mediated proteolysis were investigated. This was to establish the relative importance of their bacterial killing properties in gastric juice. Solutions in the pH range 1.5-7.4 with or without pig pepsin A were used, together with seven gastric juice samples(More)
The chemical affinity of silicic acid for aluminium (AI) has been shown to reduce the bioavailability of AI in studies of human gastrointestinal (GI) absorption. Investigations were carried out to ascertain whether or not similar interactions may also enhance the renal excretion of AI by assessing the urinary output of both elements. Healthy individuals(More)
Serum aluminium was significantly raised (p < 0.01) up to 2-3-fold, in patients with dementia including Alzheimers Disease (AD) 0.66 +/- 0.2 (mumol/l mean +/- 1 s.d.) and patients on regular aluminium hydroxide therapy 0.54 +/- 0.17, compared with healthy volunteers 0.21 +/- 0.13, although not as high as in patients with end stage renal failure on regular(More)
Elemental silicon, present as soluble silicic acid in serum and urine, has been measured by direct current plasma emission spectrometry. The method is precise and accurate, yields a standard curve that is linear up to 1000 mumol/L, and requires only a simple dilution in 10 mL/L HNO3. No spectral or background interferences have been observed from serum or(More)
Serial measurements of serum amylase, lipase and ionized calcium were made in a prospective study of 17 patients with acute pancreatitis. The mean serum ionized calcium was significantly below the normal range for the first 24 h and had returned to normal after 48 h. There was no correlation between serum ionized calcium and paired calcium corrected for(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to develop, pretest, and validate a questionnaire to measure quality of life in children with seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (SAR). METHODS (DEVELOPMENT STUDY) Thirty-four children with SAR were enrolled from summer camps, notices in the media, and an allergy clinic (Southern Ontario). After generating a(More)
Aluminium (Al)-induced injury to various cells including brain and bone is well described. We have previously shown that Al initiated damage to kidney cells in culture assessed by loss of cell viability, enzyme release and damage to cell brush borders. However, little is known about the mechanism(s) of these effects, we therefore investigated whether lipid(More)
1. Chronic renal failure (CRF) is associated with the abnormal regulation of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis at the systemic level. The transport of L-arginine, upregulated in blood cells from uraemic patients, modulates NO synthesis in this pathological condition. The model of partial nephrectomy in rats is widely accepted as a valid model of uraemia. Because(More)