Norman R. Klinman

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In the elderly, a dramatic shift within the CD4+ T cell population occurs, with an increased proportion having a memory phenotype with markedly decreased responsiveness. To determine what aspects of the aged phenotype are dependent upon repeated contact with antigen in the environment, we examined CD4+ cells isolated from TCR Tg mice. There is good evidence(More)
Cell transfers to carrier-immunized irradiated mice have permitted an analysis of the in vitro stimulation of clonal precursors of anti-2,4-dinitrophenyl (DNP) antibody-producing cells derived from both immune and nonimmune mice. The results indicate that: (a) carrier-specific enhancement is obligatory for stimulation of primary precursor cells and(More)
Ig gene rearrangements could generate V(H)-D-J(H) joining sequences that interfere with the correct folding of a mu-chain, and thus, its capability to pair with IgL chains. Surrogate light (SL) chain might be the ideal molecule to test the capacity of a mu-chain to pair with a L chain early in development, in that only pre-B cells that assemble a membrane(More)
The susceptibility of neonatal and adult B lymphocytes to tolerance induction was analyzed by a modification of the in vitro splenic focus technique. This technique permits stimulation of individual hapten-specific clonal precursor cells from both neonatal and adult donors. Neonatal or adult BALB/c spleen cells were adoptively transferred into irradiated,(More)
Two precursor cell subpopulations have been isolated from the spleen cells of nonimmune mice. The major B cell subpopulation binds high levels of the J11D monoclonal antibody and, upon T cell-dependent antigenic stimulation, gives rise to primary antibody-forming cell clones but not secondary B cells. A minority of the 10%-14% of Ia+ precursors that bind(More)
In aged mice the population of mature peripheral B cells is maintained despite a severalfold decrease in the population of bone marrow B cell progenitors. The analysis of the rate of accumulation of 5'-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU)-labeled splenic B cells in mice fed BrdU for 8 days to 8 wk demonstrated a severalfold increase in the half-life of mature B(More)
To examine a role of DNA polymerase zeta in somatic hypermutation, we generated transgenic mice that express antisense RNA to a portion of mouse REV3, the gene encoding this polymerase. These mice express high levels of antisense RNA, significantly reducing the levels of endogenous mouse REV3 transcript. Following immunization to a hapten-protein complex,(More)
The increased affinity of memory antibody responses is due largely to the generation and selection of memory B cells that accumulate somatic mutations after initial antigenic stimulation. Further affinity maturation and mutation also accompany subsequent immunizations. Previous studies have suggested that, like primary antibody-forming cell (AFC) clones,(More)