Norman R Greenberg

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PURPOSE Maspin, a unique member of the serine protease inhibitor family, shows tumor suppressing activity for breast cancer progression and metastasis. Few studies have directly linked maspin function to prostate cancer. We used prostate tumor cells derived from the TRAMP (transgenic adenocarcinoma of mouse prostate) prostate tumor model to study the tumor(More)
Although the etiology of prostate cancer is still not clear, family history, hormones, and age are thought to play a role in its initiation and progression. There is no cure for the advanced disease. Because prostate cancer initially develops as an androgen-dependent tumor, agents with antiandrogen activity have become the focus for chemoprevention of this(More)
Prostatic glandular epithelial cells undergo apoptosis in response to androgen-deprivation. The molecular determinants of androgen-responsiveness in these cells are incompletely understood. Recent evidence suggests that bcl-2 gene family members may be important in this context. We used the probasin promoter to target a human bcl-2 transgene specifically to(More)
The impact of bcl-2 proto-oncogene expression on the pathogenesis and progression of prostate cancer was examined in a transgenic mouse model. Probasin-bcl-2 transgenic mice were crossed with TRAMP (TRansgenic Adenocarcinoma Mouse Prostate) mice that express the SV40 early genes (T/t antigens) under probasin control. Prostate size, cell proliferation,(More)
Uridine kinase, the rate-limiting enzyme in the activation (phosphorylation) of uridine and the corresponding chemotherapeutic analogues, is present as two isoenzymes localized exclusively in the cytosol of rapidly growing neoplasms, including the S-37 sarcoma, EL-4 leukaemia, HeLa cells (a human carcinoma) and the Novikoff hepatoma. The activities of the(More)
Chemotherapy-induced mucositis represents a significant burden to quality of life and healthcare costs, and may be improved through enhanced nutritional status. We first determined the safety of two nutritional drinks (plus placebo), and then potential gut protection in tumor-bearing rats in a model of methotrexate-induced mucositis. In study 1, animals(More)
Both adult (I) and embryonic (II) forms of uridine kinase have been identified in the transplantable EL-4 leukemia of C57BL/6 mice and in the P815Y mastocytoma of DBA/2 mice. Only Species I is found in primary tumor cells of lymphoid orgin (virus-induced feline lymphosarcoma, human acute and chronic lymphocytic leukemia) and in normal calf thymocytes and(More)
Enzymes are ideal for use in asymmetric catalysis by the chemical industry, because their chemical compositions can be tailored to a specific substrate and selectivity pattern while providing efficiencies and selectivities that surpass those of classical synthetic methods. However, enzymes are limited to reactions that are found in nature and, as such,(More)
The nuclear matrix (NM) contains a number of proteins that have been found to be associated with transformation. We have previously identified changes in the NM associated with prostate cancer. In this study, we examine the molecular changes that are associated with prostate cancer development in transgenic adenocarcinoma of mouse prostate (TRAMP) model by(More)
Tube feeding (TF) is the most common form of nutrition support. In recent years, TF administration has increased among patient populations within and outside hospital settings, in part due to greater insurance coverage, reduced use of parenteral nutrition, and improved formularies suitable for sole source nutrition. With increasing life expectancy and(More)
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