Norman R Binnie

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INTRODUCTION Emergency large bowel surgery (ELBS) is known to carry an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Previous studies have reported morbidity and mortality rates up to 14.3%. However, there has not been a recent study to document the outcomes of ELBS following several major changes in surgical training and provision of emergency surgery. The(More)
Colorectal and anal sphincter motility and electrophysiology were investigated in 14 women with profound constipation following hysterectomy and compared with an asymptomatic group of control subjects. Twelve patients complained of significant urinary symptoms. No differences in the motor function of the anal sphincters were detectable. The latency of the(More)
BACKGROUND Trauma, whether accidental or surgically induced, is known to cause significant modulation of the cell-mediated immune response. Minimal access surgery (MAS) has been shown to improve postoperative recovery and enhance rehabilitation. The degree of immunosuppression resulting from two MAS techniques was studied and compared by measuring the(More)
Two non-invasive anal plug electrodes of similar size have been compared, one with the electrode plates orientated circularly in the anal canal and the other with the plates in the long axis of the anal canal. There was a significant increase in the amplitude in the EMG signals recorded at rest and during squeeze from the external anal sphincter with a(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of eniluracil on colorectal tumor dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients who were to undergo primary colorectal tumor resection received oral eniluracil 10 mg/m(2) twice daily for 3 days before surgery. Mononuclear cells were obtained before the start of eniluracil and on the morning(More)
The activities of a regional physiology unit established for the investigation of colorectal and pelvic floor physiology in health and disease in a clinically relevant setting has been audited and its evolution described over a period of eight years. Trends in surgical treatment of some of these disorders over the same period have also been documented in(More)
Fifteen subjects presenting with intractable constipation due to obstructive defecation, mean (SEM) duration 8.8 (1.8) years, had the inappropriate contraction and electromyographic changes in the pelvic floor muscles and external and sphincter typical of this condition. An electromyographically derived index was used to grade its severity. A self applied(More)
Thirteen patients with faecal incontinence and 26 control subjects were studied to investigate whether a quantitative electromyographic (EMG) signal could be correlated to anal manometry. Three different electrodes were used--a concentric needle electrode, a disposable sponge electrode, and a hard anal plug electrode. The maximum amplitude of the EMG(More)
Ten subjects with severe constipation due to complete spinal cord injury (SCI) had prolonged oro-anal transit time (p<0.01), diminished faecal water content (p<0.05) and a reduced frequency of defaecation (p<0.01) compared to 10 non-SCI subjects. Paraplegics with an implanted Brindley S234 anterior sacral nerve root stimulator had a significant increase in(More)