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This paper introduces McPAT, an integrated power, area, and timing modeling framework that supports comprehensive design space exploration for multicore and manycore processor configurations ranging from 90nm to 22nm and beyond. At the microarchitectural level, McPAT includes models for the fundamental components of a chip multiprocessor, including in-order(More)
We expect that many-core microprocessors will push performance per chip from the 10 gigaflop to the 10 teraflop range in the coming decade. To support this increased performance, memory and inter-core bandwidths will also have to scale by orders of magnitude. Pin limitations, the energy cost of electrical signaling, and the non-scalability of chip-length(More)
Future processors will likely have large on-chip caches with a possibility of dedicating an entire die for on-chip storage in a 3D stacked design. With the ever growing disparity between transistor and wire delay, the properties of such large caches will primarily depend on the characteristics of the interconnection networks that connect various sub-modules(More)
A significant part of future microprocessor real estate will be dedicated to L2 or L3 caches. These on-chip caches will heavily impact processor perfor- mance, power dissipation, and thermal management strategies. There are a number of interconnect design considerations that influence power/performance/area characteristics of large caches, such as wire mod-(More)
This paper proposes and evaluates single-ISA heterogeneousmulti-core architectures as a mechanism to reduceprocessor power dissipation. Our design incorporatesheterogeneous cores representing different points inthe power/performance design space; during an application'sexecution, system software dynamically chooses themost appropriate core to meet specific(More)
Projections of computer technology forecast processors with peak performance of 1,000 MIPS in the relatively near future. These processors could easily lose half or more of their performance in the memory hierarchy if the hierarchy design is based on conventional caching techniques. This paper presents hardware techniques to improve the performance of(More)
The performance tradeoff between hardware complexity and clock speed is studied. First, a generic superscalar pipeline is defined. Then the specific areas of register renaming, instruction window wakeup and selection logic, and operand bypassing are analyzed. Each is modeled and Spice simulated for feature sizes of 0.8µm, 0.35µm, and(More)
Various new nonvolatile memory (NVM) technologies have emerged recently. Among all the investigated new NVM candidate technologies, spin-torque-transfer memory (STT-RAM, or MRAM), phase-change random-access memory (PCRAM), and resistive random-access memory (ReRAM) are regarded as the most promising candidates. As the ultimate goal of this NVM research is(More)