Norman J. Kennedy

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The c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signal transduction pathway is activated in response to the exposure of cells to environmental stress. Components of the JNK signaling pathway interact with the JIP1 scaffold protein. JIP1 is located in the neurites of primary hippocampal neurons. However, in response to stress, JIP1 accumulates in the soma together with(More)
Targeted gene disruption studies have established that the c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway is required for stress-induced release of mitochondrial cytochrome c and apoptosis. Here we demonstrate that activated JNK is sufficient to induce rapid cytochrome c release and apoptosis. However, activated JNK fails to cause death in cells(More)
Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases are essential regulators in immune responses, and their activities are modulated by kinases and phosphatases. MAP kinase phosphatase (MKP) is a family of dual-specificity phosphatases whose function is evolutionarily conserved. A number of mammalian MKPs have been identified so far, but their specific physiological(More)
Triggering of Fas (CD95) by its ligand (FasL) rapidly induces cell death via recruitment of the adaptor protein Fas-associated death domain (FADD), resulting in activation of a caspase cascade. It was thus surprising that T lymphocytes deficient in FADD were reported recently to be not only resistant to FasL-mediated apoptosis, but also defective in their(More)
Although most oncogenic phenotypes of PTEN loss are attributed to AKT activation, AKT alone is not sufficient to induce all of the biological activities associated with PTEN inactivation. We searched for additional PTEN-regulated pathways through gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and identified genes associated with JNK activation. PTEN null cells exhibit(More)
The c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) is implicated in oncogenic transformation. However, studies of the effect of Jnk gene disruption on Ras-induced transformation of murine fibroblasts indicate that JNK may act as a suppressor of Ras transformation and that the JNK signaling pathway contributes to the apoptotic elimination of transformed cells in vivo. The(More)
Esterification of cholesterol by acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) is a key element in maintaining cholesterol homeostasis in cells of higher animals. In the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, accumulation of ergosteryl esters accompanies entry into stationary phase and sporulation. We have determined that two genes in yeast, SAT1 and SAT2,(More)
The c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) signal transduction pathway causes increased gene expression mediated, in part, by members of the activating transcription factor protein (AP1) group. JNK is therefore implicated in the regulation of cell growth and cancer. To test the role of JNK in Ras-induced tumor formation, we examined the effect of compound(More)
Obesity caused by feeding of a high-fat diet (HFD) is associated with an increased activation of c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1). Activated JNK1 is implicated in the mechanism of obesity-induced insulin resistance and the development of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. Significantly, Jnk1(-)(/)(-) mice are protected against HFD-induced obesity(More)
The c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) is activated by the cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF). This pathway is implicated in the regulation of AP-1-dependent gene expression by TNF. To examine the role of the JNK signaling pathway, we compared the effects of TNF on wild-type and Jnk1(-/-) Jnk2(-/-) murine embryo fibroblasts. We show that JNK is required(More)