Norman Hayes

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1. Antigen-stimulated histamine secretion from rat peritoneal mast cells was inhibited when extracellular chloride was replaced by either isethionate or gluconate anions, but the histamine release still remained quite substantial. 2. Rat peritoneal mast cells take up 36Cl and the uptake reaches a steady state after 60 min incubation with the isotope. At(More)
Small animal models are needed in order to evaluate the efficacy of candidate vaccines and antivirals directed against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS CoV). We investigated the ability of SARS CoV to infect 5-week-old Golden Syrian hamsters. When administered intranasally, SARS CoV replicates to high titers in the lungs and nasal(More)
We have attempted to reproduce the findings of Benveniste and co-workers, who reported in 1988 that degranulation of human basophil leukocytes is triggered by very dilute (10(2)-10(120)) antiserum against IgE. The results were contrary to conventional scientific theory and were not satisfactorily explained. Following as closely as possible the methods of(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES To retrospectively review data on chemotherapy dose/dose intensity in patients with breast cancer. DATA SOURCES Computerized database, published articles, and book chapter. DATA SYNTHESIS Chart reviews were conducted of 20,106 patients with breast cancer from 1,135 oncology practices throughout the United States. More dose delays,(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate in human skin in vivo the role of nitric oxide in maintaining resting vascular tone, in the vasodilatation caused by local warming and by ultraviolet B light exposure, and in the response to exogenous calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). Cutaneous blood flow was assessed by planimetry of the visible erythema or(More)
The action of the neuropeptide substance P as a histamine-releasing agent has been compared in histamine-containing cells from a variety of different tissues and species. Peritoneal mast cells from rat, mouse and hamster but not human cells gave a concentration-dependent release of histamine in response to substance P. Release was greater in the absence(More)
It has been argued that the digital cutaneous microvasculature is the site of the anomaly which causes Raynaud's phenomenon (RP). Both endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor peptide present in the digital cutaneous microvasculature, and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a powerful vasodilator present in digital cutaneous perivascular nerves,(More)
BACKGROUND Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) offers safe interventions for the prevention of infection in patients after organ transplantation and for the treatment of cancers and autoimmune diseases. MAb 201 is a severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV)-specific MAb that prevents establishment of viral replication(More)
An extract of the plant feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) produces a dose-dependent inhibition of histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells stimulated with anti-IgE or the calcium ionophore A23187. Greater inhibition of anti-IgE-induced histamine release was achieved with feverfew compared with the inhibition of A23187-induced release. Inhibition of(More)