Norman H. Tolk

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Measurements of the O-H and O-D vibrational lifetimes show that the room-temperature hydrogen diffusion rate in rutile TiO2 can be enhanced by 9 orders of magnitude when stimulated by resonant infrared light. We find that the local oscillatory motion of the proton quickly couples to a wag-mode-assisted classical transfer process along the c channel with a(More)
Vibrational lifetimes of hydrogen and deuterium related bending modes in semiconductors are measured by transient bleaching spectroscopy and high-resolution infrared absorption spectroscopy. We find that the vibrational lifetimes follow a universal frequency-gap law; i.e., the decay time increases exponentially with increasing decay order, with values(More)
The lifetimes of the Si-H vibrational stretch modes of the H(*)(2) ( 2062 cm(-1)) and HV.VH((110)) ( 2072.5 cm(-1)) defects in crystalline Si are measured directly by transient bleaching spectroscopy from 10 K to room temperature. The interstitial-type defect H(*)(2) has a lifetime of 4.2 ps at 10 K, whereas the lifetime of the vacancy-type complex(More)
Hydrogen chemistry in thin films and biological systems is one of the most difficult experimental problems in today's science and technology. We successfully tested a novel solution, based on the spectroscopic version of scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM). The tunable infrared radiation of the Vanderbilt free electron laser enabled us to reveal(More)
Two distinct isolated hydrogen defects are observed in crystalline Ge by in situ infrared absorption spectroscopy. Implantation of protons into Ge at cryogenic temperatures gives rise to two intense absorption lines at 745 and 1794 cm(-1). The lines originate from distinct defects, each of which contains one H atom located on a <111> axis. The 1794-cm(-1)(More)
Past efforts to achieve selective bond scission by vibrational excitation have been thwarted by energy thermalization. Here we report resonant photodesorption of hydrogen from a Si(111) surface using tunable infrared radiation. The wavelength dependence of the desorption yield peaks at 0.26 electron volt: the energy of the Si-H vibrational stretch mode. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Infrared transmission spectra of dentin reveal a broad absorption band between 6.0 and 7.0 microns composed of absorption peaks of water, collagen and carbonated hydroxyapatite. The nearly constant absorption and the existence of absorption peaks of different tissue components were used to investigate ablation as a function of the(More)
The vibrational lifetimes of the O-H and O-D stretch modes in the perovskite oxide KTaO3 are measured by pump-probe infrared spectroscopy. Both stretch modes are exceptionally long lived and exhibit a large "reverse" isotope effect, due to a phonon-assisted proton-tunneling process, which involves the O-Ta-O bending motion. The excited-state tunneling rate(More)
The photoelastic phenomenon has been widely investigated as a fundamental elastooptical property of solids. This effect has been applied extensively to study stress distribution in lattice-mismatched semiconductor heterostructures. GaAs based optoelectronic devices (e.g. solar cells, modulators, detectors, and diodes) used in space probes are subject to(More)