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AIMS To determine the relative risk (RR) of non-fatal injury associated with alcohol consumption in a series of emergency departments (EDs), possible effect modifiers and the impact of contextual variables on differences across sites. DESIGN The case-crossover method was used to obtain RR estimates of the effect of alcohol on non-fatal injuries.(More)
AIMS To study international and within country differences with regard to views by the general public on alcohol policy topics, describe associations with socio-demographic characteristics and drinking practices, and contrast opinions with variations in actual policies. DESIGN, SETTING, SUBJECTS Large-scale cross-sectional household surveys were conducted(More)
This paper examines recent developments in Canada and the United States and the role of commercial interests in alcohol-related policies bearing on taxes, outlet density, advertising, counter-advertising, health messages and prevention. Case-study material is drawn from published papers, project reports, government documents and newspaper accounts. The main(More)
This study utilized a naturalistic methodology to develop a “grounded theory” of the process of recovery and rebuilding among abused women situated in the conservative evangelical subculture. Among all the women, spirituality and church participation were an integral part of their identity and generated culture-specific issues that needed to be addressed in(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary goal of this study was to identify demographic and substance use factors associated with violent injuries, accidental injuries, and medical conditions or illnesses (non-injured). METHOD Data were examined from a sample of 1701 admissions to emergency rooms at two Canadian hospitals. These patients were interviewed and provided urine(More)
This paper is based on data using similar methods collected from patients at 30 emergency rooms (ERs) in six countries. These data were analyzed with the goal of determining whether alcohol is a likely cause of violence through an application of criteria outlined by Bradford Hill. Analyses were conducted by comparing various measures of alcohol involvement(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to examine recent research studies published from 2000 to 2008 focusing on availability of alcohol: hours and days of sale and density of alcohol outlets. METHODS Systematic review. RESULTS Forty-four studies on density of alcohol outlets and 15 studies on hours and days of sale were identified through a systematic(More)
OBJECTIVE A 14-year multiwave panel design was used to examine relationships between longitudinal alcohol-consumption patterns, especially persistent moderate use, and change in health-related quality of life among middle-aged and older adults. METHOD A nationally representative sample of 5,404 community-dwelling Canadians ages 50 and older at baseline(More)
OBJECTIVES Although it is well known that people with alcohol dependence are at a markedly elevated risk for suicide, much less is known about the role of acute alcohol use in suicidal behaviours. The primary aims of this epidemiological study were to assess the prevalence and factors associated with acute alcohol intoxication among 57 813 suicide decedents(More)
This paper projects the consequences of modifying or eliminating the current national alcohol retail monopolies in Sweden, Norway and Finland as a possible result of those countries' membership in the European Union (EU). First, the authors project absolute alcohol consumption in each country based on different possible changes in alcohol price and(More)