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We studied the effects of liposomes on the pulmonary circulation of sheep and found a close correlation between liposome retention in the lung and the intravascular macrophages. A test dose of liposomes (5.5 mumol of total lipids) injected intravenously transiently increased pulmonary arterial pressure from 24 +/- 2 to 55 +/- 16 (SD) cmH2O. The pulmonary(More)
Sheep have reactive pulmonary intravascular macrophages, which are essential for the marked pulmonary vascular response to infusions of small quantities of endotoxin. In another species with reactive pulmonary intravascular macrophages, horses, our laboratory found that an intravenous biosafe detergent, tyloxapol, inhibited some systemic and pulmonary(More)
To determine whether hypoxia directly affects pulmonary microvascular filtration of fluid or permeability to plasma proteins, we measured steady state lung lymph flow and protein transport in eight unanesthetized sheep breathing 10% O2 in N2 for 4 hours. We also studied three sheep breathing the same gas mixture for 48 hours. We surgically prepared the(More)
We have compared extravascular lung water after extracellular fluid volume expansion with that predicted from lung sucrose space measured in control dogs. In control lungs mean extravascular water:dry weight ratio was 3.81 +/- 0.16 (SD) (n = 5) and extravascular sucrose space/dry weight was 1.79 +/- 0.45 (n = 4). After acute expansion of extracellular fluid(More)
We studied the effects of uneven pulmonary artery obstruction by microemboli on steady state transvascular fluid and protein exchange in normal and leukopenic sheep. We measured pulmonary artery and left atrial pressures, cardiac output, lung lymph flow, and lymph plasma protein concentrations. Sheep were made profoundly leukopenic by administration of(More)
To determine the lung microvascular pressure profile during hypoxia, we micropunctured the subpleural microcirculation of isolated perfused cat lungs. Our procedures involved exsanguinating a cat, then cannulating its pulmonary artery, left atrium, and trachea. Using the cat's own blood, we perfused the lungs at pulmonary artery and left atrial pressures of(More)
We recently showed that we can selectively and safely deplete most (average 85%) of the pulmonary intravascular macrophages in sheep by intravenously infusing liposomes containing dichloromethylene bisphosphonate. After a 1-h stable baseline, we made a 6-h comparison after a 30-min intravenous endotoxin infusion (1 microg/kg) between six anesthetized(More)
Microvascular pressures in the pulmonary circulation were measured under the pleural surface of the isolated perfused dog lung by the servo-null technique. Strong glass micropipettes with short beveled tips were used, with a suction ring to stabilize the lung's surface. Of the total vascular resistance, 45 percent was in the alveolar wall capillaries(More)