Norman C Rawlings

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Transrectal ultrasonography of ovaries was performed each day in non-prolific Western white-faced (n = 12) and prolific Finn ewes (n = 7), during one oestrous cycle in the middle portion of the breeding season (October-December), to record the number and size of all follicles > or = 3 mm in diameter. Blood samples collected once a day were analysed by(More)
Development and demise of luteal structures were monitored using daily transrectal ultrasonography in 2 breeds of sheep differing in ovulation rates (nonprolific Western white-faced cross-bred, n = 12 and prolific pure-bred Finn sheep, n = 7), during 1 estrous cycle in the mid-breeding season. Jugular blood samples were collected once a day for(More)
Changes in the pattern of follicular growth and development, and the associated endocrine changes, were examined in prepubertal heifers approaching their first ovulation. Ten, age-matched (+/- 3 days), Spring-born Hereford heifers were examined daily by transrectal ultrasonography for 17 days beginning 12 weeks before the first ovulation, and daily from(More)
Serum gonadotropin concentrations were high and variable and fluctuated episodically in short and long term ovariectomized ewes. Treatment with solid silastic implants releasing progesterone (serum levels 1.81 +/- 0.16 ng/ml) had no consistent effect. Treatment with implants releasing estradiol-17beta significantly depressed mean serum gonadotropin(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize changes in ovarian follicle dynamics in relation to changes in hormone secretion in heifer calves from birth to 8 months of age. The position and diameter of ovarian follicles > or = 4 mm in diameter were recorded, the number of ovarian follicles > or = 2 mm in diameter counted, and blood samples collected daily for(More)
The aim of the present study was to document ovarian antral follicle dynamics throughout seasonal anoestrus in sheep. Daily transrectal ultrasonography was performed during four 17 day scanning periods from March to July in Western White-faced crossbred ewes. Blood samples were collected each day with ultrasonographic scanning for measurement of serum(More)
This was a study that retrospectively analyzed serum gonadotropin secretion and the ultrasonographic appearance of the testis during development in prepubertal bull calves to determine whether there were differences between early and late maturing bulls. Blood samples were taken every other week from 2 wk of age until puberty. Samples were also taken at 12(More)
Eleven age-matched (+/- 4 days) Hereford heifers were examined by transrectal ultrasonography daily for 18 days beginning 20 weeks (5 months) before puberty (first ovulation) to determine the suitability of the transrectal ultrasound technique for imaging the ovaries of prepubertal heifers and to test the hypothesis that ovarian follicular development(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ovarian response of ewes to two treatments with PGF2alpha using transrectal ovarian ultrasonography and hormone measurements. Fifteen milligrams of PGF2alpha was given to six cyclic Western White Face (WWF) ewes early in the estrous cycle (Days 4 to 7) and to six late in the cycle (Days 10 to 12 after(More)
Nine groups of bull calves (n = 5 to 6 per group) were castrated every 5 wk from 5 to 45 wk of age, and the stages of spermatogenesis were identified histologically. Prior to castration, the testes of each calf were examined by ultrasonography, and the pixel intensities of the parenchyma were quantitated. Testis ultrasonograms were also recorded every 2 wk(More)