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Cybernetic models, developed earlier by the authors, have been evaluated experimentally for the growth of Klebsiella oxytoca in batch cultures using mixed substrates from glucose, xylose, arabinose, lactose, and fructose. Based entirely on information procured from batch growth on single substrates, the models accurately predict without further parameter(More)
It is known that 2,3-butanediol is a potentially valuable chemical feedstock that can be produced from the sugars present in hemicellulose and celluose hydrolysates. Klebsiella oxytoca is able to ferment most pentoses, hexoses, and disaccharides. Butanediol appears to be a primary metabolite, excreted as a product of energy methabolism. The theoretical(More)
The main product of fermentation byKlebsiella oxytoca is 2,3-butanediol. This organism also produces acetic acid, ethanol, and acetoin. In this report, product inhibition due to 2,3-butanediol and acetic acid is considered. Although the acetate ion has little effect on growth, acetic acid is a strong inhibitor. Acetic acid inhibits growth more strongly than(More)
The fermentation of D-xylose by theCandida sp. mutant XF217 was studied at different oxygen uptake rates by controlling dissolved oxygen tension or agitation rate. The ethanol yield increases as the oxygen uptake rate decreases. The ethanol production rate is maximized at an oxygen uptake rate of 9–12 millimole/L/hour. Xylitol and cell mass production and(More)
The cybernetic framework developed by Ramkrishna and co-workers has been expanded to include the effects of cellular maintenance energy requirements on biomass levels in slow-growing, carbon-substrate-limited cultures. A simple structured model, based on the existence of distinct key enzymes for growth and maintenance functions, is presented. Comparisons of(More)
Bacillus polymyxa produces (R, R)-2,3-butanediol from a variety of carbohydrates. Other metabolites are also produced including acetoin, acetate, lactate, and ethanol. The excretion of each metabolite was found to depend on the relative availability of oxygen to the culture. When the relative oxygen uptake rate was high, enhanced yields of acetate and(More)
During the oxygen limiting growth of Klebsiella oxytoca, the xylose metabolism may be considered as consisting of three components: conversion to 2,3-butanediol by "fermentation," oxidation to carbon dioxide by respiration, and assimilation to cell mass. The amount of energy required for the assimilation of cell mass is assumed to determine the extent to(More)
A cybernetic model to predict the low-growth-rate behavior of bacteria in mixed-substrate environment is presented. Using only growth and maintenance parameters from single-substrate experiments, the model accurately predicts the simultaneous substrate utilization and maintenance energy effects in constant fed-batch cultures of Klebsiella oxytoca. The(More)
A wild-type strain of Klebsiella oxytoca growing aerobically in batch culture has exhibited intermittent or oscillatory growth while growing on lactose at concentrations on the order of 1 g/L or less. In two-substrate experiments, preferred growth on glucose followed by growth on lactose also produced oscillatory growth behavior during the lactose growth(More)