Norman A Pinsky

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The ELISPOT assay is a highly sensitive technique used for the detection of individual cytokine releasing cells. We have developed an IFN-gamma ELISPOT assay utilizing unfractionated frozen peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to quantify the frequency of measles virus (MV)-specific IFN-gamma-secreting T cells in 117 healthy children who had been(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether the fingerstick method of obtaining blood is an acceptable alternative to venipuncture for measuring antibody levels. Blood specimens for antibody determination were obtained from healthy adult subjects by venipuncture with the serum separated from the clot by standard methodology. Fingerstick samples were also(More)
The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) and human leukocyte antigen-DM (HLA-DM) genes are involved in the antigen-processing pathway of both HLA class I and class II-restricted antigen presentation. We hypothesized that polymorphisms within the TAP and DM genes may influence antibody levels following measles vaccination. We examined TAP and(More)
High-throughput in vitro assays, which rapidly and succinctly assess the immune status of large cohorts of individuals, are essential tools for conducting population-based studies, including vaccine research. The enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay has emerged as a sensitive, reliable high-throughput tool to measure functional recall immunity by(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the seroprevalence of varicella antibody among recent Somali refugees living in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and to estimate the risk of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection in this group. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We obtained blood samples from the study subjects, along with demographic information, immunization records, and(More)
Mechanisms involved in the induction of immunity to measles virus (MV) are not well understood. In the present study, we assessed proliferation, interferon (IFN)-gamma, and interleukin (IL)-4 production of MV-specific T cells after secondary in vitro stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from human donors. Such secondary stimulation(More)
We investigated the effect of multiple freeze-thaw cycles on mumps, measles, and rubella virus serum antibody levels with whole-virus immunoglobulin G enzyme-linked immunoassays. Fresh serum samples from nine healthy adult volunteers were divided into six sets of five aliquots each. Samples were taken through a total of 10 freeze-thaw cycles and stored at 4(More)
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