Norma Lorraine Hudson

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The aim of this study in sheep ovaries was to determine the total number of granulosa cells in primordial follicles and at subsequent stages of growth to early antrum formation. The second aim was to examine the interrelationships among the total number of granulosa cells in the follicles, the number of granulosa cells in the section through the oocyte(More)
Immunization of ewes against growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) or bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) can lead to an increased ovulation rate; however, it is not known whether normal pregnancies occur following such treatments. The aims of the present study were to determine the effects of a short-term immunization regimen against BMP15 and GDF9 on(More)
Genetic mutations with major effects on ovulation rate in sheep were recently identified in two genes of the transforming growth factor (TGFβ) superfamily and a TGFβ receptor, namely bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15), otherwise known as the growth differentiation factor 9b (GDF9b), GDF9 and activin-like kinase 6 (ALK6) otherwise known as the BMP(More)
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that both growth differential factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP15; also known as GDF9B) are essential for normal ovarian follicular development in mammals with a low ovulation rate phenotype. Sheep (9-10 per group) were immunized with keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH; control), a GDF9-specific(More)
Ewes homozygous (II) for the Inverdale prolificacy gene (FecXI) located on the X chromosome are infertile with "streak" ovaries. The aims of this study were to examine the ovarian morphology and plasma and tissue (or extracellular fluid) hormone concentrations in II ewes in comparison to control (++) animals. All II animals (n = 11) were found to contain no(More)
Ewes heterozygous (I+) for the Inverdale prolificacy gene (FecX1) located on the X chromosome have ovulation rates approximately 1.0 times higher than noncarriers (++). The aims of this study were to examine, in I+ and ++ ewes, the peripheral plasma concentrations and/or ovarian secretion rates of FSH, LH, inhibin, estradiol, and progesterone during(More)
Two related oocyte-derived members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, namely growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15, also known as GDF9B), have recently been shown to be essential for ovarian follicular growth. In addition, both proteins have been shown to regulate ovulation rate in sheep,(More)
Ovulation rate in mammals is determined by a complex exchange of hormonal signals between the pituitary gland and the ovary and by a localised exchange of hormones within ovarian follicles between the oocyte and its adjacent somatic cells. From examination of inherited patterns of ovulation rate in sheep, point mutations have been identified in two(More)
Differences in the function and composition of individual ovarian follicles were noted in Booroola Merino ewes which had previously been segregated on at least one ovulation rate record of greater than 5 (FF ewes, N = 15), 3-4 (F+ ewes, N = 18) or less than 3 (++ ewes, N = 18). Follicles in FF and F+ ewes produced oestradiol and reached maturity at a(More)
The aims were to investigate whether oocyte-secreted growth factors from a high (i.e. rat) and low (i.e. sheep) ovulation rate species could stimulate (3)H-thymidine incorporation in granulosa cells (GC) from antral follicles from the same or across species. Denuded oocytes (DO) were co-incubated with GC with or without specific antibodies to growth(More)