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A locally sustainable system of prenatal screening of Trypanosoma cruzi infection has been implemented in rural health care centers of endemic areas in Paraguay A total of 61.091 women from Paraguari and Cordillera Departments were serologically evaluated, where 7.802 (12,7%) resulted to be anti-T. cruzi IgG positive. A total of 1,865 infants born to(More)
In 1991 and 1992, a prenatal screening of Trypanosoma cruzi infection was carried out using ELISA and indirect immunofluorescence techniques. A total of 840 blood samples from pregnant women, obtained at the Maternity Ward of the Hospital de Clínicas, National University of Asunción (Asunción, Paraguay), and 1,022 samples from the Regional Hospital of the(More)
We describe a high frequency of the MIC null haplotype, HLA-B48-MICA-del-MICB*0107 N, in the Angaite Amerindian community in Paraguay. Of the 16 unrelated subjects, 9 (56.5%) had this haplotype. The structural analyses revealed this haplotype was similar to the previously reported Asian haplotype in that they had a large-scale deletion including the entire(More)
Group A rotavirus infections were detected in 93 of 410 fecal samples from children with acute diarrhea, admitted in three main hospitals of Asunción, Paraguay, from August 1998 to August 2000. Most of the rotavirus-infected patients were admitted during the winter season in the three epidemic years. The rotavirus infection rate was highest in infants from(More)
The frequency of the Beijing genotype of Mycobacterium tuberculosis as a cause of tuberculosis (TB) in South America was determined by analyzing genotypes of strains isolated from patients that had been diagnosed with the disease between 1997 and 2003 in seven countries of the subcontinent. In total, 19 of the 1,202 (1.6%) TB cases carried Beijing isolates,(More)
Thrombin clotting time (TCT) and reptilase clotting time (RCT) were found significantly prolonged in a series of 72 HIV-infected patients drawn for routine coagulation testing. Both TCT and RCT were highly significantly correlated with albumin (r = -0.64, and r = -0.73 respectively, p < 0.0001). TCT and RCT were significantly higher (p < 0.0001) in a series(More)
We present a picture of the biodiversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Paraguay, an inland South American country harboring 5 million inhabitants with a tuberculosis notification rate of 38/100,000. A total of 220 strains collected throughout the country in 2003 were classified by spoligotyping into 79 different patterns. Spoligopatterns of 173 strains(More)
For the diagnosis of Chagas' disease, the trans-sialidase inhibition assay was able to resolve the results for samples with borderline results, to detect as positive 60% of samples that were negative by conventional serology, and to discriminate idiopathic from chagasic megaviscera or cardiopathy. No cross-reaction with sera from patients with other(More)
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