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The density of impact craters on large volcanoes on Venus is half the average crater density for the planet. The crater density on some classes of coronae is not significantly different from the global average density, but coronae with extensive associated volcanic deposits have lower crater densities. These results are inconsistent with both single-age and(More)
Aminopyrine is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) in the liver. The investigators evaluated influences of different PPIs on CYP activity as assessed by the [(13)C]-aminopyrine breath test ([(13)C]-ABT). Subjects were 15 healthy volunteers with different CYP2C19 status (5 rapid metabolizers [RMs], 5 intermediate metabolizers [IMs], and 5 poor metabolizers(More)
A "cocktail" approach, which involves simultaneous administration of multiple CYP-specific probes, concurrently detects the activity of multiple CYP enzymes. We developed and validated a rapid and selective LC-MS/MS method for determining the plasma concentrations of 5 CYP probe drugs and metabolites (caffeine/paraxanthine, CYP1A2 substrate;(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions between the oral adsorbent AST-120 and triazolam. In this randomized, cross-over study, 12 healthy volunteers received a single oral dose of triazolam 0.25 mg alone or with AST-120 2 g given 0, 30 or 60 min before triazolam administration. The area under the(More)
In this study, we evaluated the palatability of orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) containing core granules with different particle sizes, coating, and types of materials using visual analog scales (VAS). Tableting the core granules into ODTs reduced rough mouth feel and improved overall palatability compared to the ingestion of core granules alone.(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the taste and mouth feel of newly designed orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) of pioglitazone, which is a typical type 2 diabetes medicine with an unpleasant taste, using a visual analog scale (VAS) analysis. The ODTs were subjected to either of these 2 taste-masking procedures: a physical masking procedure that included(More)
Benzbromarone is a uricosuric drug and has been shown to be metabolized predominantly by cytochrome P450(CYP)2C9 in vitro findings. This study aims to investigate the influence of the CYP2C9 genotype on plasma levels of benzbromarone and 6-hydroxybenzbromarone, as well as uric acid lowering effects. A single oral dose pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic(More)
The farside gravity field of the Moon is improved from the tracking data of the Selenological and Engineering Explorer (SELENE) via a relay subsatellite. The new gravity field model reveals that the farside has negative anomaly rings unlike positive anomalies on the nearside. Several basins have large central gravity highs, likely due to super-isostatic,(More)
It is widely accepted that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) require 2 to 4 weeks of administration before improvements in emotional symptoms of depression are seen. We evaluated whether early monitoring of Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD) scores in patients treated with the SSRI fluvoxamine could predict antidepressant response,(More)