Noriyuki Kasahara

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Werner's syndrome (WS) is an inherited disease characterized by genomic instability and premature aging. The WS gene encodes a protein (WRN) with helicase and exonuclease activities. We have previously reported that WRN interacts with Ku70/80 and this interaction strongly stimulates WRN exonuclease activity. To gain further insight on the function of WRN(More)
A growing number of cellular mRNAs are thought to possess internal ribosome entry sites (IRESs), sequences that permit translation of a transcript independent of its 5' end and cap structure. Although dicistronic assays are the canonical method of testing sequences for IRES activity, they may produce false-positive results if unanticipated monocistronic(More)
Whether long interspersed element-1 (L1 or LINE-1) retrotransposition can occur in quiescent, nondividing, and/or terminally differentiated somatic cells has remained an unanswered fundamental question in human genetics. Here, we used a ubiquitously active phosphoglycerate kinase-1 promoter to drive the expression of a highly active human L1 element from an(More)
Unique cell cycle control is instituted in confluent osteoblast cultures, driving growth to high density. The postconfluent dividing cells share features with cells that normally exit the cell cycle; p27(kip1) is increased, p21(waf1/cip1) is decreased, free E2F DNA binding activity is reduced, and E2F4 is primarily nuclear. E2F4-p130 becomes the predominant(More)
We have developed unique replication-competent retroviral (RCR) vectors based on murine leukemia virus that provide improved efficiency of viral delivery, allow for long-term transgene expression and demonstrate an intrinsic selectivity for transduction of rapidly dividing tumor cells. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vivo transduction(More)
Retroviruses are well known for their ability to incorporate envelope (Env) proteins from other retroviral strains and genera, and even from other virus families. This characteristic has been widely exploited for the generation of replication-defective retroviral vectors, including those derived from murine leukemia virus (MLV), bearing heterologous Env(More)
The cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) is a 43-kDa nuclear transcription factor that regulates cell growth, memory, and glucose homeostasis. We showed previously that CREB is amplified in myeloid leukemia blasts and expressed at higher levels in leukemia stem cells from patients with myeloid leukemia. CREB transgenic mice develop(More)
Achieving therapeutically efficacious levels of gene transfer in tumors has been a major obstacle for cancer gene therapy using replication-defective virus vectors. Recently, replicating viruses have emerged as attractive tools for cancer therapy, but generally achieve only transitory tumor regression. In contrast to other replicating virus systems,(More)
The first large randomized phase III trial in gene therapy demonstrated no improvement in the survival of patients injected with packaging cells that produced conventional replication-defective retroviral vectors carrying the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene, a disappointing result that was attributed to extremely poor levels of transduction(More)
Despite advances in animal studies, where the cure of the majority of mice with pre-established (albeit early-stage) tumors has become almost standard, human clinical trials have been much less successful. Here we describe some of the most recent advances in the specialist field of tumor immunology and immunotherapy, highlighting salient work to identify(More)