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BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are stably detectable in blood and can serve as useful biomarkers for cancer. METHODS We performed an miRNA array using serum samples obtained from oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients or healthy controls. MiR-1246 was the most markedly elevated in ESCC patients. Therefore,(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a multicentre feasibility study for single agent long-term S-1 chemotherapy following docetaxel plus cisplatin in patients with curatively resected stage II-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS Patients received three cycles of docetaxel (60 mg m(-2)) plus cisplatin (80 mg m(-2)) and then received S-1 (40 mg m(-2) twice daily)(More)
To evaluate whether angiogenic factors are of clinical relevance to actual human pancreatic cancers, we studied the intratumoral microvessel density (IMD), and PD-ECGF, VEGF protein expression in 40 pancreatic cancers using immunohistochemistry. We also investigated PD-ECGF and VEGF gene expression using reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR). Of the 40(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and outcome of an oral mucosal screening programme conducted in Japan. All adults over the age of 40 years resident in Tokoname city were invited by letter to attend a free general health screen and oral examinations annually. Twenty- to 39-year-old females were also encouraged to participate. During(More)
Plutonium and uranium in human tissues obtained from residents of the Tokyo area were determined by a-spectrometry and the fission track method, respectively. The distribution pattern of each element was estimated on the basis of mean concentration obtained. Plutonium is concentrated in some special organs, while uranium is distributed rather generally(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen action is mediated not only through a classic estrogen receptor (ER) (ER-alpha) but also through a second ER (ER-beta) that has a structure and function similar to ER-alpha. A correlation between ER-beta mRNA expression with ER and progesterone receptor (PR) protein levels as well as prognostic factors remains to be established in breast(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of oral mucosal lesions in a selected Cambodian population to obtain pilot data useful in planning an oral health data base for the country. Due to unstable conditions in Cambodia, the validity of population data related to present census information is highly questionable. Therefore, prior to this(More)
We have carried out a quantitative analysis of ER-alpha and ER-beta mRNA expression in normal (n = 11) and breast cancer (n = 112) tissues using a real-time (Taq-Man) PCR assay. Expression of ER-beta mRNA variants has also been studied by triple-primer PCR assay. ER-alpha mRNA levels in normal breast tissues were significantly (p < 0.01) lower than those in(More)
To investigate the effects of very high concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) upon the course of respiration and circulation, dogs were allowed to breathe high concentrations of CO2 while intrathoracic pressure, blood pressure (BP) in the femoral artery, electrocardiogram and electroencephalogram readings were registered. The respiratory movements either(More)
Yotsuyanagi's theory is often quoted in the discussion of the etiology of congenital dilatation of the biliary duct (CDBD), but there has been no established etiology as yet. With particular reference to the relationship between anomalous arrangement of the pancreaticobiliary ducts and CDBD, Babbit collected 19 cases of CDBD. The authors also observed the(More)