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We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Kawasaki disease in Japanese subjects using data from 428 individuals with Kawasaki disease (cases) and 3,379 controls genotyped at 473,803 SNPs. We validated the association results in two independent replication panels totaling 754 cases and 947 controls. We observed significant associations in the(More)
Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a life-threatening complication in children with rheumatic diseases, particularly systemic-onset juvenile chronic arthritis (SOJCA). Because of the potential fatality of this condition, prompt recognition and immediate therapeutic intervention are important. This study assessed the clinical features of nine MAS events(More)
Nakajo-Nishimura syndrome (NNS) is a very rare hereditary autoinflammatory disorder that generally has its onset in infancy with pernio-like rashes and gradually develops into partial lipodystrophy. A distinct homozygous PSMB8 mutation encoding an immunoproteasome subunit has recently been identified as its genetic cause. Here, we report a new case of a(More)
Among the hematological malignancies, hypercalcemia has often been reported in lymphoid malignancies such as multiple myeloma and adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma, but it has only rarely been described in acute nonlymphocytic leukemia. We describe here a 14-month-old girl with acute monocytic leukemia complicated by severe hypercalcemia (4.6 mmol/l) at(More)
We have previously reported that the TT genotype of the angiotensinogen gene and the ID/DD genotype of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene are associated with increased severity of proteinuria in IgA nephropathy in Japanese children. Recently it was reported that polymorphism at −20 from adenine to cytosine in the angiotensinogen gene, increasing the(More)
BACKGROUND Recently a high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection has been reported in adult patients with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (cITP). Furthermore, after H. pylori eradication therapy in such patients, their platelet counts have been observed to increase, suggesting that H. pylori may be a causative agent of adult cITP. However,(More)
BACKGROUND Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis occurring in medium-sized arteries, especially coronary arteries. Patients with KD who fail to respond to standard therapy with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) face a higher risk of developing coronary artery lesions. Cyclosporin A (CsA) is one treatment option for IVIG-resistant KD.(More)
BACKGROUND There are still no definite treatments for refractory Kawasaki disease (KD). In this pilot study, we evaluated the use of cyclosporin A (CyA) treatment in patients with refractory KD. METHODS We prospectively collected clinical data of CyA treatment (4-8 mg/kg/d, oral administration) for refractory KD patients using the same protocol among(More)
Kawasaki disease (KD; MIM#61175) is a systemic vasculitis syndrome with unknown etiology which predominantly affects infants and children. Recent findings of susceptibility genes for KD suggest possible involvement of the Ca(2+)/NFAT pathway in the pathogenesis of KD. ORAI1 is a Ca(2+) release activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channel mediating store-operated Ca(2+)(More)
BACKGROUND Mycoplasma pneumoniae has been reported to be an etiologic pathogen of infection-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), but few case reports have been available to date. METHODS The clinical features of four childhood cases of M. pneumoniae-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (Mp-HLH) were retrospectively assessed to(More)