Norito Shibata

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Planarians are known for their strong regenerative ability. This ability has been considered to reside in the totipotent somatic stem cell called the "neoblast." Neoblasts contain a unique cytoplasmic structure called the "chromatoid body," which has similar characteristics to the germline granules of germline cells of other animals. The chromatoid bodies(More)
The remarkable capability of planarian regeneration is mediated by a group of adult stem cells referred to as neoblasts. Although these cells possess many unique cytological characteristics (e.g. they are X-ray sensitive and contain chromatoid bodies), it has been difficult to isolate them after cell dissociation. This is one of the major reasons why(More)
The planarian's remarkable regenerative ability is thought to be supported by the stem cells (neoblasts) found throughout its body. Here we report the identification of a subpopulation of neoblasts, which was revealed by the expression of the nanos-related gene of the planarian Dugesia japonica, termed Djnos. Djnos-expressing cells in the asexual planarian(More)
The stem cells of planarians, known as neoblasts, can give rise to all cell types in planarians. Neoblasts can be identified by electron microscopy as cells with electron-dense chromatoid bodies, which are large RNP (ribonucleoprotein) complexes, in their cytoplasm. However, the components and function of chromatoid bodies are still relatively unknown. Here(More)
Planarian regeneration depends on the presence and precise regulation of pluripotent adult somatic stem cells named neoblasts, which differentiate to replace cells of any missing tissue. A characteristic feature of neoblasts is the presence of large perinuclear nonmembranous organelles named "chromatoid bodies", which are comparable to ribonucleoprotein(More)
We propose two major evolutionary origins of stem cell systems in the animal kingdom. Adult pluripotent stem cell systems are found in many invertebrates and probably evolved as components of asexual reproduction. Lineage-specific stem cell systems probably evolved later and include neural and hematopoietic stem cell types. We propose that these two types(More)
Planarians have regenerative ability made possible by pluripotent stem cells referred to as neoblasts. Classical ultrastructural studies have indicated that stem cells can be distinguished by a unique cytoplasmic structure known as the chromatoid body and their undifferentiated features, and they are specifically eliminated by X-ray irradiation. Recently,(More)
Freshwater planarians, Plathelminthes, have been an intriguing model animal of regeneration studies for more than 100 years. Their robust regenerative ability is one of asexual reproductive capacity, in which complete animals develop from tiny body fragments within a week. Pluripotent adult somatic stem cells, called neoblasts, assure this regenerative(More)
The robust regenerative ability of planarians depends on a population of somatic stem cells called neoblasts, which are the only mitotic cells in adults and are responsible for blastema formation after amputation. The molecular mechanism underlying neoblast differentiation associated with blastema formation remains unknown. Here, using the planarian Dugesia(More)
The origin of the oocyte-like cells (testis-ova) induced by the administration of estradiol in the testis of the fish, Oryzias latipes, was examined by light and electron microscopy. A small number of testis-ova at the zygotene stage was seen on the sixth day after the beginning of treatment with estradiol, and on the 12th day testis-ova at the pachytene(More)