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Astrocytes have a critical role in the neuronal response to ischemia, as their production of neurotrophic mediators can favorably impact on the extreme sensitivity of nervous tissue to oxygen deprivation. Using a differential display method, a novel putative RNA binding protein, RA301, was cloned from reoxygenated astrocytes. Analysis of the deduced amino(More)
The serum level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is useful as a clinical marker for diagnosis and assessment of the progression of prostate cancer, and in evaluating the effectiveness of treatment. We characterized four Sp1/Sp3 binding sites in the proximal promoter of the PSA gene. In a luciferase assay, these sites contributed to the basal promoter(More)
We have characterized the proximal promoter region of the human COL11A1 gene. Transient transfection assays indicate that the segment from -199 to +1 is necessary for the activation of basal transcription. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSAs) demonstrated that the ATTGG sequence, within the -147 to -121 fragment, is critical to bind nuclear(More)
We report that dermatopontin (DP), an abundant dermal extracellular matrix protein, is found in the fibrin clot and in the wound fluid, which comprise the provisional matrix at the initial stage of wound healing. DP was also found in the serum but at a lower concentration than that in wound fluid. DP co-localized with both fibrin and fibronectin on fibrin(More)
The third alpha-chain of type V collagen, alpha3(V) chain, was initially identified in the placenta more than 20 years ago, but was poorly characterized with regard to its expression and function. We generated a specific monoclonal antibody against the N-terminal domain of the pro-alpha3(V) chain and examined gene expression using immunohistochemical(More)
BACKGROUND Epiplakin (EPPK) belongs to the plakin family of cytolinker proteins and, resembling other members of the plakin family such as BPAG1 (an autoantigen of bullous pemphigoid) and plectin, EPPK has plakin repeat domains (PRDs) that bind to intermediate filaments. Elimination of EPPK by gene targeting in mice resulted in the acceleration of(More)
To elucidate the mechanisms underlining alpha3(V) collagen chain expression, we performed an initial analysis of the structure and function of the core promoter of the human COL5A3 gene. The core promoter, which lacks a typical TATA motif and has a high GC content, was defined within the -129 bp immediately upstream from the major transcription start site(More)
We used structure-function analysis of the core promoter region to elucidate the transcriptional features of the mouse alpha 1(V) collagen gene (Col5a1). The core promoter, which lacks a typical TATA motif and has a high GC content, was defined within the 231 bp immediately upstream from the major transcription start site by transient transfection(More)
Since the dentine is analogous to bone, its extracellular matrix shares many similarities to bone tissues. Similar to the bone, type I collagen is the major organic component in dentine. However, little is known about minor fibrillar collagens, which seem to be co-expressed such as type I or II collagen. The present study examined the gene expression of(More)
To elucidate the role of astrocytes in the stress response of the central nervous system to ischemia, early gene expression was evaluated in cultured rat astrocytes subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation. Using differential display, a novel putative vesicle transport-related factor (RA410) was cloned from reoxygenated astrocytes. Analysis of the deduced amino(More)