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In cultured hippocampal neurons, one axon and several dendrites differentiate from a common immature process. Here we found that CRMP-2/TOAD-64/Ulip2/DRP-2 (refs. 2-4) level was higher in growing axons of cultured hippocampal neurons, that overexpression of CRMP-2 in the cells led to the formation of supernumerary axons and that expression of truncated(More)
The rat small eye strain (rSey) lacks eyes and nose in the homozygote, and is similar to the mouse Sey strain with mutations in the Pax-6 gene. We isolated Pax-6 cDNA clones from an rSey homozygote library, and found an internal deletion of about 600 basepairs in the serine/threonine-rich domain. At the genomic level, a single base (G) insertion in an exon(More)
Hu proteins are mammalian embryonic lethal abnormal visual system (ELAV)-like neuronal RNA-binding proteins that contain three RNA recognition motifs. Although Drosophila ELAV is required for the correct differentiation and survival of neurons, the roles played by the Hu genes in the mammalian nervous system remain largely unknown. To explore the in vivo(More)
PURPOSE Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta has been implicated as the key mediator of proliferative vitreoretinopathy, but the cellular mechanisms by which TGF-beta induces extracellular matrix protein (ECM) synthesis are not fully understood. The current study was conducted to examine whether the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway is(More)
Tra2beta is the first mammalian protein which is proved to activate mRNA splicing in sequence-specific manner. Following hypoglossal nerve injury, the expression of Tra2beta mRNA was elevated in injured motoneurons transiently. The up-regulation of Tra2beta mRNA was observed from post-operative day 3 to 21. In addition to the nerve injury in PNS, a brain(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether a reporter gene carried by liposomes can be introduced into the ocular tissues in vivo by different routes of administration. METHODS Three different kinds of liposomes carrying plasmid DNA with beta-galactosidase gene were applied topically to the eye or were injected into the anterior chamber, subretinal space, and vitreous(More)
To elucidate the role of astrocytes in the stress response of the central nervous system to ischemia, early gene expression was examined in rat cultured astrocytes after the exposure to hypoxia/reoxygenation, and we have previously cloned a novel RNA binding protein, RA301, from the reoxygenated astrocytes. Furthermore, we have now cloned a new gene for(More)
PURPOSE Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β is a key mediator of proliferative vitreoretinopathy, but the cellular mechanisms by which TGF-β induces extracellular matrix protein (ECM) synthesis are not fully understood. This study examined whether the PI3K/Akt pathway is involved in TGF-β2-induced collagen expression in human retinal pigment epithelial(More)
Collagen XXIV is a newly discovered and poorly characterized member of the fibril-forming family of collagen molecules, which displays unique structural features of invertebrate fibrillar collagens and is expressed predominantly in bone tissue. Here we report the characterization of the proximal promoter of the mouse gene (Col24a1) and its regulation in(More)
Type XI collagen, a heterotrimer composed of α1(XI), α2(XI), and α3(XI), plays a critical role in cartilage formation and in skeletal morphogenesis. However, the transcriptional regulation of α1(XI) collagen gene (Col11a1) in chondrocyte is poorly characterized. In this study, we investigated the proximal promoter of mouse Col11a1 gene in chondrocytes.(More)