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Recent studies have revealed that the stretch reflex responses of both ankle flexor and extensor muscles are coaugmented in the early stance phase of human walking, suggesting that these coaugmented reflex responses contribute to secure foot stabilization around the heel strike. To test whether the reflex responses mediated by the stretch reflex pathway are(More)
BACKGROUND The dynamic role of the trunk musculature, with respect to stability, has not been fully explored to date. The purpose of this study was, using a transient and multi-directional perturbation, to: (1) quantify the tonic level of activity in the superficial trunk musculature prior to any perturbation; (2) quantify the phasic activity in those same(More)
The delay of the sensory-motor feedback loop is a destabilizing factor within the neural control mechanism of quiet standing. The purposes of this study were 1) to experimentally identify the neuromusculoskeletal torque-generation process during standing posture and 2) to investigate the effect of the delay induced by this system on the control mechanism of(More)
This is, to our knowledge, the first report demonstrating the effects of orthotic gait training on the activity of the spinal locomotor neural networks. Three subjects with complete spinal cord injury (SCI) performed 1-h training with reciprocating gait orthosis 5 days/week for 12 weeks. The results showed that after 3 (n=1) or 6 weeks (n=2) of training,(More)
Direct evidence supporting the contribution of upper limb motion on the generation of locomotive motor output in humans is still limited. Here, we aimed to examine the effect of upper limb motion on locomotor-like muscle activities in the lower limb in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). By imposing passive locomotion-like leg movements, all cervical(More)
A 48-year-old man with primary Sjögren's syndrome (P-SS) developed subcortical dementia, characterized by forgetfulness, poor attention and concentration, slowness of thought process, difficulty to manipulate acquired knowledge, introversive and hostile personality change and inactivity. These were improved by corticosteroid treatment. Magnetic resonance(More)
Abstract. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cortical activities during two types of Go/NoGo task with different movement instructions (Push-Go and Release-Go) using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and event-related potential (ERP) recordings. In the Push-Go condition, ten subjects were instructed either to push a button with their(More)
It is well known that muscle contraction can be easily evoked in the human soleus muscle by applying single-pulse electrical stimulation to the tibial nerve at the popliteal fossa. We herein reveal the unexpected phenomenon of muscle contractions that can be observed when train stimulation is used instead. We found, in 11 human subjects, that transient(More)
Excitability of both stretch reflex (SR) and motor evoked potential (MEP) elicited in the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle by transcranial magnetic stimulation were tested in standing humans. The results demonstrated significantly greater values for both SR and MEP in the TA while standing than while in the supine posture, although background electromyographic(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of hip proprioceptors on soleus stretch reflex excitability in standing humans. A custom-made device to stretch the ankle extensors was mounted on the lower leg portion of a gait orthosis and was used to elicit stretch reflex responses while standing. Six subjects with motor complete spinal cord(More)