Learn More
In most countries in the world, flood had caused damages to properties and it involved a large amount of loss to individuals and governments. During the flood, it is important to have efficient flood response operation system to manage all activities among different related agencies. In Malaysia, flood response operations are divided according to the(More)
One direction of ant colony optimization researches is dividing the ants' population into several colonies. These colonies work together to collectively solve an optimization problem. This approach offers good opportunity to explore a large area of the search space. This paper proposes a new generic algorithmic approach that utilized multiple ant colonies(More)
Security in e-commerce is becoming an important issue to deal with as several cases of attacks to users' data are increasing exponentially. Therefore, there is absolute need for proper checks and balances to mitigate the lapses using the appropriate development framework. This paper provides as a candidate, Improve Extreme Programming Methodology by(More)
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the interconnection of uniquely identifiable embedded computing devices within the existing Internet infrastructure. Typically, internet of things (IoT) is expected to offer advanced connectivity of devices, systems, and services that goes beyond machine-to-machine communications (M2M) and covers a variety of protocols,(More)
Search stagnation is a serious problem that all Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithms suffer from regardless of their application domain. The framework of Interacted Multiple Ant Colonies Optimization (IMACO) is a recent proposition. It divides the ants' population into several colonies and employs certain techniques to organize the work of these(More)
In recent years, web security has been viewed in the context of securing the web application layer from attacks by unauthorized users. The vulnerabilities existing in the web application layer have been attributed either to using an inappropriate software development model to guide the development process, or the use of a software development model that(More)
Student's placement in industry for the practicum training is difficult due to the large number of students and organizations involved. Further the matching process is complex due to the various criteria set by the organization and students. This paper will discuss the results of a pattern extraction process using association rules of data mining technique(More)
Question processing is a fundamental step in a question answering (QA) application, and its quality impacts the performance of QA application. The major challenging issue in processing question is how to extract semantic of natural language questions (NLQs). A human language is ambiguous. Ambiguity may occur at two levels; lexical and syntactic. In this(More)