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This paper proposes a new non-contact impedance imager based on phase differential technique enabling an enhanced detection of the existence of a tumor in tissues. The developed sensor is composed of an air supply system and two optical fiber based distance sensors next to the air nozzle. For a periodic air pressure, two distance sensors provide us with(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The phylogenetic relationships of Petunia sensu Jussieu (Petunia sensu Wijsman plus Calibrachoa) are unclear. This study aimed to resolve this uncertainty using molecular evidence. METHODS Phylogenetic trees of 52 taxa of Petunia sensu Jussieu were constructed using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of chloroplast DNA(More)
Recent molecular phylogenetic studies reported high diversity of Ruppia species in the Mediterranean. Multiple taxa, including apparent endemics, are known from that region, however, they have thus far not been exposed to phylogenetic analyses aimed at studying their relationships to taxa from other parts of the world. Here we present a comprehensive(More)
Effects of root architecture, physical tree characteristics, and soil shear strength on overturning moment due to flooding were investigated using Salix babylonica and Juglans ailanthifolia, exotic and invasive plants in Japanese rivers. Tree-pulling experiments that simulated flood action were conducted, and the resulting damage was examined to assess the(More)
DNA barcoding reveals a new record of Potamogeton distinctus (Potamogetonaceae) and its natural hybrids, P. distinctus × P. nodosus and P. distinctus × P. wrightii (P. ×malainoides) from Myanmar (2014) DNA barcoding reveals a new record of Potamogeton distinctus (Potamogetonaceae) and its natural hybrids, P. distinctus × P. nodosus and P. distinctus × P.(More)
The changes of natural sensitivity in terms of lagoon morphometry, particularly the inlet morphometry and flushing properties of the Koggala lagoon, Sri Lanka, are presented in this paper. The morphometric assessment is based on analysis and consideration of morphometric characteristics for three scenarios of the lagoon, namely: (1) before the construction(More)
The effects on Robinia pseudoacacia (an exotic and invasive plant in Japanese rivers) of local scouring and saturation of the soil in the root-anchoring zone due to flooding were investigated. Scouring has been defined as the removal of substrate in the root-anchoring zone, exposing the tree roots. Tree-pulling experiments were conducted, simulating flood(More)
The effectiveness of coastal or inland forests in trapping floating debris produced by destructive tsunamis has long been discussed but never clarified quantitatively. To estimate the effectiveness, especially in reducing the damage to wooden buildings (houses) behind the forest, a nonlinear long wave equation model that includes not only destruction of the(More)
Limosella is a small aquatic genus of Scrophulariaceae of twelve species, of which one is distributed in northern circumpolar regions, two in southern circumpolar regions, two in the Americas, one endemic to Australia, and six in tropical or southern Africa or both. The Australasian L. curdieana has always been considered distinct but its close phylogenetic(More)