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Most cancer cells predominantly produce energy by glycolysis rather than oxidative phosphorylation via the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, even in the presence of an adequate oxygen supply (Warburg effect). However, little has been reported regarding the direct measurements of global metabolites in clinical tumor tissues. Here, we applied capillary(More)
AIM We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of a transanal tube placed for the prevention of anastomotic leakage after rectal surgery. METHODS Between 2007 and 2011, a total of 243 patients underwent anterior resection using the double stapling technique for rectal cancer at our institution. We excluded 67 patients with diverting stoma and divided the(More)
BACKGROUND NSABP C-06 demonstrated the non-inferiority of oral adjuvant uracil and tegafur plus leucovorin (UFT/LV) to weekly fluorouracil and folinate (5-FU/LV) with respect to disease-free survival (DFS) for stage II/III colon cancer. This is the first report of JCOG0205, which compared UFT/LV to standard 5-FU/levofolinate (l-LV) for stage III colorectal(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and oncologic and functional outcomes of intersphincteric resection for very low rectal cancer. METHODS A feasibility study was performed using 213 specimens from abdominoperineal resections of rectal cancer. Oncologic and functional outcomes were investigated in 228 patients with rectal cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Mesorectal excision is the international standard surgical procedure for lower rectal cancer. However, lateral pelvic lymph node metastasis occasionally occurs in patients with clinical stage II or stage III rectal cancer, and therefore mesorectal excision with lateral lymph node dissection is the standard procedure in Japan. We did a randomised(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the diagnosis, epidemiology, risk factors, and treatment of chylous ascites after colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS Among 907 patients who underwent colorectal cancer resection at our institution between 2006 and 2009, chylous ascites developed in 9. We analyzed the clinical data for these 9 patients. RESULTS Five of the nine(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary resection is the best therapeutic option for lung metastases from colorectal cancer (CRC) today. However, recurrences are frequent following pulmonary resection. We aimed to evaluate the recurrence pattern and treatment of initial pulmonary resection for metastases from CRC. METHODS Data from 76 patients with recurrence after curative(More)
PURPOSE Abdominoperineal resection has been the standard surgery for very low rectal cancer located within 5 cm of the anal verge. However, permanent colostomy exerts serious limitations on quality of life. The present study aimed to investigate curability and functional results of intersphincteric resection and additional partial external sphincteric(More)
Flavonoids are major pigments in plants, and their biosynthetic pathway is one of the best-studied metabolic pathways. Here we have identified three mutations within a gene that result in pale-colored flowers in the Japanese morning glory (Ipomoea nil). As the mutations lead to a reduction of the colorless flavonoid compound flavonol as well as of(More)
Anthocyanins were isolated from orange-red flowers of Catharanthus roseus cv 'Equator Deep Apricot', and identified as rosinidin 3-O-[6-O-(alpha-rhamnopyranosyl)-beta-galactopyranoside] (1), and also 7-O-methylcyanidin 3-O-[6-O-(alpha-rhamnopyranosyl)-beta-galactopyranoside] (2) by chemical and spectroscopic methods. Pigment 1 was found to be a major(More)