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Most cancer cells predominantly produce energy by glycolysis rather than oxidative phosphorylation via the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, even in the presence of an adequate oxygen supply (Warburg effect). However, little has been reported regarding the direct measurements of global metabolites in clinical tumor tissues. Here, we applied capillary(More)
AIM We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of a transanal tube placed for the prevention of anastomotic leakage after rectal surgery. METHODS Between 2007 and 2011, a total of 243 patients underwent anterior resection using the double stapling technique for rectal cancer at our institution. We excluded 67 patients with diverting stoma and divided the(More)
BACKGROUND Mesorectal excision is the international standard surgical procedure for lower rectal cancer. However, lateral pelvic lymph node metastasis occasionally occurs in patients with clinical stage II or stage III rectal cancer, and therefore mesorectal excision with lateral lymph node dissection is the standard procedure in Japan. We did a randomised(More)
BACKGROUND We experienced some technical difficulty in dividing the middle and lower rectum through the right-lower quadrant intracorporeally. The aim of this study was to determine whether multiple stapler firings during rectal division are associated with anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic rectal resection. METHODS Laparoscopic anterior resection(More)
BACKGROUND NSABP C-06 demonstrated the non-inferiority of oral adjuvant uracil and tegafur plus leucovorin (UFT/LV) to weekly fluorouracil and folinate (5-FU/LV) with respect to disease-free survival (DFS) for stage II/III colon cancer. This is the first report of JCOG0205, which compared UFT/LV to standard 5-FU/levofolinate (l-LV) for stage III colorectal(More)
PURPOSE Abdominoperineal resection has been the standard surgery for very low rectal cancer located within 5 cm of the anal verge. However, permanent colostomy exerts serious limitations on quality of life. The present study aimed to investigate curability and functional results of intersphincteric resection and additional partial external sphincteric(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and oncologic and functional outcomes of intersphincteric resection for very low rectal cancer. METHODS A feasibility study was performed using 213 specimens from abdominoperineal resections of rectal cancer. Oncologic and functional outcomes were investigated in 228 patients with rectal cancer(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the diagnosis, epidemiology, risk factors, and treatment of chylous ascites after colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS Among 907 patients who underwent colorectal cancer resection at our institution between 2006 and 2009, chylous ascites developed in 9. We analyzed the clinical data for these 9 patients. RESULTS Five of the nine(More)
CD133 has been reported to be a cancer-initiating cell marker in colorectal carcinoma. The objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency of CD133 expression in colorectal cancer, the distribution of CD133-positive cancer cells, and their relationship to clinicopathological features, including survival. An immunohistochemical examination of CD133(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Local pelvic recurrence of rectal cancer after radical resection has been associated with morbidity and cancer-related death. This study retrospectively evaluated outcome following curative resection for rectal cancer recurring after surgery on the basis of prognosis, type of procedure and perioperative morbidity. METHODS A total of 85(More)