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Genetic variation in dysbindin (DTNBP1: dystrobrevin-binding protein 1) has recently been shown to be associated with schizophrenia. The dysbindin gene is located at chromosome 6p22.3, one of the most promising susceptibility loci in schizophrenia linkage studies. We attempted to replicate this association in a Japanese sample of 670 patients with(More)
Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (DISC1), identified in a pedigree with a familial psychosis with the chromosome translocation (1:11), is a putative susceptibility gene for psychoses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Although there are a number of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) in the family members with the chromosome translocation,(More)
Two common serotonin transporter (SERT) untranslated region gene variants have been intensively studied, but remain inconclusively linked to depression and other neuropsychiatric disorders. We now report an uncommon coding region SERT mutation, Ile425Val, in two unrelated families with OCD and other serotonin-related disorders. Six of the seven family(More)
Macrophages/monocytes and the proinflammatory mediators, such as tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha and MIP-1alpha, play a critical role in the progression of immunological disorders including rheumatoid arthritis, Behçet's disease and Crohn's disease. In addition, the nicotinic(More)
The distribution of evoked expression of the proto-oncogene c-fos was immunohistochemically examined in the parabrachial nucleus (PBN) of water-deprived rats after free ingestion of palatable liquids, after intra-oral infusion of aversive taste solutions including various bitter substances, and after an intraperitoneal injection of LiCl. C-fos(More)
BACKGROUND Neural endocannabinoid function appears to be involved in schizophrenia. Two endocannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2, are found in the brain and elsewhere in the body. We investigated roles of CB2 in schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS An association study was performed between tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CNR2 gene(More)
BACKGROUND In mice, quantitative trait locus studies and behavioral evaluation of animals deleted for 5-HT1B have implicated this serotonin autoreceptor in alcohol consumption and aggressive behavior. We therefore investigated whether the 5-HT1B gene (HTR1B) is linked to alcoholism with aggressive and impulsive behavior in the human, as represented by 2(More)
Recently, two naturally occurring amino acid substitutions were identified in the C-terminal region of the serotonin 5-HT2A receptor. One of these, His452Tyr, has a rarer allele Tyr frequency of 9%. If 452Tyr alters 5-HT2A function, it would thus be a candidate allele for human neurobehavioral variation. The present study was designed to evaluate the(More)
ABSTRACTSusceptibility to drug dependence and drug-induced psychoses is influenced not only by the pharmacological effects of the drug but also by the genetic factors of the individual. To clarify the latter, we investigated the association between methamphetamine (METH) dependence/psychosis and the hDAT1 gene (SLC6A3) encoding the dopamine transporter,(More)
Alteration of tryptophan (TRP) metabolism elicited by proinflammatory cytokines has gained attention as a new concept to explain the etiological and pathophysiological mechanisms of major depression. The kynurenine (KYN) pathway, which is initiated by indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), is the main TRP metabolic pathway. It shares TRP with the serotonin(More)