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BACKGROUND Compared with other treatments, microwave coagulation is a relatively less invasive treatment for various kinds of solid tumors. Although its effectiveness in primary hepatocellular carcinoma has been shown, its effectiveness in the treatment of hepatic metastases from colorectal carcinoma has been unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate(More)
Oxychlorine compounds, such as hypochlorous acid (HOCl) and chlorine dioxide (ClO2), have potent antimicrobial activity. Although the biochemical mechanism of the antimicrobial activity of HOCl has been extensively investigated, little is known about that of ClO2. Using bovine serum albumin and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae(More)
Pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor from human pancreatic juice bound specifically to cultured cells derived from a variety of human and nonhuman tissues. The binding pattern of pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor to various cells was quite different from that of epidermal growth factor, and these two polypeptides did not compete in binding to(More)
Genetic information encoded in a template of a genome is replicated in a complementary way by DNA polymerase or RNA polymerase with high fidelity; no creation of information occurs in this reaction unless an error occurs. We report here that DNA polymerase of the thermophilic bacterium Thermus thermophilus can synthesize up to 200 kb linear double-stranded(More)
DNA is replicated by DNA polymerase semiconservatively in many organisms. Accordingly, the replicated DNA does not become larger than the original DNA (template DNA), implying that replicative synthesis by DNA polymerase alone cannot explain the diversification of primordial simple DNA. We demonstrate that a single-stranded tandem repetitive(More)
Short repetitive DNA sequences are believed to be one of the primordial genetic elements that served as a source of complex large DNA found in the genome of modern organisms. However, the mechanism of its expansion (increase in repeat number) during the course of evolution is unclear. We demonstrate that the DNA polymerase of the hyperthermophilic bacterium(More)
DNA polymerase catalyses replication of cellular DNA. The reaction requires a primer-template complex, and a new DNA chain grows from the 3' end of the primer along the template; no genetic information is created in this reaction. We demonstrate that DNA polymerase from Thermococcus litoralis, a hyperthermophilic marine Archaea, can synthesize up to 50000(More)
DNA polymerase of the archaeon Thermococcus litoralis can synthesize a long stretch of linear double-stranded DNA in the complete absence of added primer and template DNAs. This finding suggests that genetic information can potentially be created by protein. We report here the effects of temperature, ionic strength and pH on this ab initio DNA synthesis by(More)
Serum-free culture medium conditioned by an established human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line, CAPAN-1, contains copious amounts of immunoreactivity due to pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (PSTI) as demonstrated by radioimmunoassay. The immunoreactive substance was purified from the conditioned medium to apparent homogeneity by trypsin affinity(More)
To elucidate a mechanism of the antidiarrheal activity of wood creosote, its effect on the propulsive motility of mouse colon and small intestine was studied using a charcoal meal test and a colonic bead expulsion test. The effect was compared with that of loperamide. At an ordinary therapeutic dose, wood creosote inhibited the propulsive motility of colon,(More)