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We investigated the temporal profile of heat shock protein 70 induction in the rat hippocampus using immunohistochemistry to clarify the mechanism of ischemic tolerance following preconditioning with sublethal ischemia. Although a 6-min period of forebrain ischemia produced severe neuronal damage to the hippocampal CA1 subfield, preconditioning with 3 min(More)
We examined whether preconditioning with sublethal ischemia protects against neuronal damage following subsequent lethal ischemic insults. Forebrain ischemia for 3 min in Wistar rats increased heat shock protein-70 immunoreactivity in the hippocampal CA1 subfield but produced no neuronal damage. Preconditioning with 3 min of ischemia followed by 3 days of(More)
To clarify the role of serotonin in cerebral ischemia, we examined the effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, citalopram and clomipramine, on ischemic neuronal damage in the gerbil. Pretreatment with citalopram (40 mg/kg i.p.) and clomipramine (20 mg/kg i.p.) protected against neuronal destruction of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells following 5(More)
We investigated the changes of copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD) and manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) in the rat hippocampus after 10 min of cerebral ischemia induced by 4-vessel occlusion. The rats were allowed to survive for 4 h, 1 day, 3 days, and 7 days after ischemia. The distribution of SODs were determined by immunohistochemical(More)
Using immunohistochemistry, we visualized the localization of ubiquitin in the gerbil hippocampus following 3 min of ischemia with or without pretreatment with 2 min of sublethal ischemia and 3 days of reperfusion. Ubiquitin immunoreactivity in the hippocampus disappeared 4 h after 3 min of ischemia both with and without pretreatment. The immunoreactivity(More)
We examined the effects of treatment with basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF) on hippocampal CA1 neuronal damage following 3 min of forebrain ischemia in the gerbil. Continuous infusion of b-FGF (24 or 240 ng/day over 4 days) using an implanted osmotic minipump into the lateral ventricle prevented CA1 neuronal damage in a dose-dependent manner.
Although local area networks (LANs) are commonplace in hospital-based radiology departments today, wireless LANs are still relatively unknown and untried. A linked wireless reporting system was developed to improve work throughput and efficiency. It allows radiologists, physicians, and technologists to review current radiology reports and images and(More)
Preconditioning of the gerbil brain with a 2-min period of sublethal ischemia followed by 4 days of reperfusion protects against neuronal damage following a subsequent 3-min period of ischemia, which normally destroys pyramidal neurons in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. To clarify the role of protein synthesis in this ischemic tolerance phenomenon, we(More)
In this study we have designed and created a data-fusion display that has enabled volumetric MIP image navigation using intraoperative C-arm CT data in the operating room. The 3D volumetric data reflecting a patient's inner structure is directly displayed on the monitor through video images of the surgical field using a 3D optical tracking system, a(More)
As operative procedures become more complicated, simply increasing the number of devices will not facilitate such operations. It is necessary to consider the ergonomics of the operating environment, especially with regard to the provision of navigation data, the prevention of technical difficulties, and the comfort of the operating room staff. We have(More)