Norio Matsuki

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Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), which is well known as a toxic gas, is produced endogenously in mammalian tissues from L-cysteine mainly by two pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent enzymes, cystathionine beta-synthetase and cystathionine gamma-lyase. Recently, we showed that cystathionine beta-synthetase in the brain produces H2S, and that H2S facilitates the induction(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is one of neurotrophins involved in the development and maintenance of both the peripheral nervous system and CNS. Although the expression of BDNF and its receptor TrkB still occurs in the adult stage, their physiological role in the mature CNS is not fully understood. In the present study we examined in detail the(More)
Synaptic inputs on dendrites are nonlinearly converted to action potential outputs, yet the spatiotemporal patterns of dendritic activation remain to be elucidated at single-synapse resolution. In rodents, we optically imaged synaptic activities from hundreds of dendritic spines in hippocampal and neocortical pyramidal neurons ex vivo and in vivo. Adjacent(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been implicated in activity-dependent plasticity of neuronal function and network arrangement. To clarify how BDNF exerts its action, we evaluated the physiological, histological, and biochemical characteristics of cultured hippocampal neurons after long-term treatment with BDNF. Here we show that BDNF(More)
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is accompanied by an abnormal location of granule cells in the dentate gyrus. Using a rat model of complex febrile seizures, which are thought to be a precipitating insult of TLE later in life, we report that aberrant migration of neonatal-generated granule cells results in granule cell ectopia that persists into adulthood.(More)
Large-scale recording from a population of neurons is a promising strategy for approaching the study of complex brain functions. Taking advantage of the fact that action potentials reliably evoke transient calcium fluctuations in the cell body, functional multineuron calcium imaging (fMCI) monitors the suprathreshold activity of hundreds of neurons.(More)
Plasmin is converted from its zymogen plasminogen by tissue type or urokinase type plasminogen activator (PA) and degrades many components of the extracellular matrix (ECM). To explore the possibility that the PA-plasmin system regulates synaptic plasticity, we investigated the effect of plasmin on degradation of ECM and synaptic plasticity by using(More)
BACKGROUND There is no standard treatment for peritoneal dissemination from gastric cancer. A novel treatment consisting of peritonectomy and intraoperative chemohyperthermic peritoneal perfusion (CHPP) was compared with conventional surgery and CHPP. METHODS Records of all patients who underwent CHPP after cytoreductive surgery between 1992 and 2002 were(More)
lthough Zn 2 is contained in large amounts in the synaptic terminals of hippocampal mossy fibers (MFs), its physiological role in synaptic transmission is poorly understood. By using the newly developed high-sensitivity Zn 2 indicator ZnAF-2, the spatiotemporal dynamics of Zn 2 was monitored in rat hippocampal slices. When high-frequency stimulation was(More)