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We analyzed a Japanese chick wingless mutant (Jwg) to know a molecular mechanism underlying wing development. We observed expression patterns of eleven marker genes to characterize the mutant. Expressions of dorsoventral (DV) and mesenchymal marker genes were intact in nascent Jwg limb buds. However, expression of Fgf8, a marker gene for the apical(More)
OBJECTIVES Transperineal and transrectal prostate biopsy are both used for prostate cancer detection. However, which approach is superior remains unknown. In this study, we performed a prospective randomized study to compare the efficacy of transperineal versus transrectal 12-core initial prostate biopsy. METHODS From May 2003 to October 2005, a(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to clarify the reason for the lower dosage of cis-platinum (CDDP) in patients with head and neck cancer in Japan compared with that in other countries, by evaluating renal function. METHODS We studied 375 patients with head and neck cancer who had been hospitalized from January 1998 to October 2005, to evaluate and treat the disease.(More)
The overexpression of EGFR and/or HER-2 is associated with tumor cell resistance to chemotherapy, radiotherapy, disease progression and poor prognosis in patients with a variety of malignant tumors. Treatment combining the EGFR-targeting drug, gefitinib (ZD1839, Iressa) with the HER-2-targeting drug, trastuzumab (Herceptin) has been reported to improve(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and a related family member, HER-2, are often overexpressed simultaneously in patients with a variety of malignant tumors, and the combination may cooperatively promote cancer cell growth and survival. Heterodimerization of EGFR and HER-2 has been known to create intense proliferative signals. Lapatinib (GW572016)(More)
The ephB4-ephrinB2 system plays an important role in the interaction of tumor cells with endothelial cells (ECs). To assess the role of ephB4 in the in vivo growth of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), we used ephrinB2-Fc, a fusion protein consisting of the extracellular domain of ephrin-B2 and the Fc portion of human IgG1, as the soluble ligand(More)
OBJECTIVES Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCR) was given for the previously untreated T4 hypopharyngeal and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma patients and the response and survival rates were evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 23 patients, namely, 15 for hypopharynx and 8 for larynx were eligible. These patients were given cisplatin and(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and related family member, HER-2, are often overexpressed simultaneously in patients with a variety of malignant tumors, and the combination may cooperatively promote cancer cell growth and survival. The purpose of this study was to examine antitumor effects of the combination treatment of cetuximab and(More)
Telomelysin is a telomerase-specific replication-competent adenovirus with telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter, which has shown strong anti-tumor effects on a variety of human cancer cells. Human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines and a murine HNSCC (NR-S1) model were used to investigate whether telomelysin (OBP-301) had(More)
BACKGROUND Radioresistance remains a critical issue in the use of radiotherapy for the treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). This study evaluated the efficacy of combination treatment with OBP-301, a telomerase-specific replication-selective adenovirus, and radiotherapy in overcoming radioresistance by examining its effect on(More)