Learn More
– Dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) and multi-particle collision (MPC) dynamics are powerful tools to study mesoscale hydrodynamic phenomena accompanied by thermal fluctuations. To understand the advantages of these types of mesoscale simulation techniques in more detail, we propose new two methods, which are intermediate between DPD and MPC — DPD with a(More)
We present a generic theory for the dynamics of a stiff filament under tension, in an active medium with orientational correlations, such as a microtubule in contractile actin. In sharp contrast to the case of a passive medium, we find the filament can stiffen, and possibly oscillate or buckle, depending on both the contractile or tensile nature of the(More)
The authors propose a method to simulate the DNA motion in microchannels of complex geometry. It is based on stochastic rotation dynamics using a new scheme for the boundary condition. The method enables them to define a boundary wall of arbitrary shape and to describe a wall moving at an arbitrary velocity. As an application, they simulate the motion of(More)
To allow to discriminate rapidly the strains of Porphyra tenera var. tamatsuensis, cultivars of which grow more vigorously than strains of P. tenera var. tenera, strains of both varieties were examined by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis using mitochondrial DNA related to the ATP synthase F0 subunit 6(More)
In order to distinguish 18 Porphyra and Pyropia species, the present study employed polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis using mitochondrial DNA related to the ATP synthase F0 subunit 6 (ATP6) gene and partial mitochondrial DNA including trnC, rps11, sdh3, trnG, trnN, trnP, and rns. The two primer sets on(More)
We present a generic theory for the dynamics of a stiff filament under tension, in an active medium with orientational correlations, such as a microtubule in contractile actin. In sharp contrast to the case of a passive medium, we find the filament can stiffen, and possibly oscillate, or buckle, depending on the contractile or tensile nature of the activity(More)
We introduce a novel model for DNA condensation (whip-toroid transition) using the path integral method in the framework of the non-linear sigma model on a line segment. We show that some of its classical configurations exhibit toroidal forms, and the system has phase transitions from a whip to toroidal phases with a parameter c = W 2ì L 2π´2. We also(More)
We investigate how different microscopic interactions between semiflexible chain segments can qualitatively alter the physical properties of the condensed toroid. We propose a general form of the Hamiltonian of the toroid and discuss its analytic properties. For different interactions, the theory predicts different scaling behaviors of the mean toroidal and(More)