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BACKGROUND To reduce the uncertainty of registration for lung tumors, we have developed a four-dimensional (4D) setup system using a real-time tumor-tracking radiotherapy system. METHODS AND MATERIALS During treatment planning and daily setup in the treatment room, the trajectory of the internal fiducial marker was recorded for 1 to 2 min at the rate of(More)
A binary vector is a standard tool in the transformation of higher plants mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. It is composed of the borders of T-DNA, multiple cloning sites, replication functions for Escherichia coli and A. tumefaciens, selectable marker genes, reporter genes, and other accessory elements that can improve the efficiency of and/or give(More)
PURPOSE To determine how the omission of whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) affects the neurocognitive function of patients with one to four brain metastases who have been treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). METHODS AND MATERIALS In a prospective randomized trial between WBRT+SRS and SRS alone for patients with one to four brain metastases, we(More)
PURPOSE We previously published a report stating that germinomas with elevated serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG-beta) had a poor relapse rate, but these findings have not been supported by a multi-institutional trial. The margin for initial gross tumor volume (GTV) before surgery and chemotherapy of the same materials was investigated by(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the appropriateness of the treatment policy of stereotactic irradiation using both hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (HSRT) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) located in an eloquent region or for large AVMs and using SRS alone for the other AVMs. METHODS AND MATERIALS Included in this(More)
LMNtal (pronounced " elemental ") is a simple language model based on graph rewriting that uses logical variables to represent links and membranes to represent hierarchies. The two major goals of LMNtal are (i) to unify various computational models based on multiset rewriting and (ii) to serve as the basis of a truly general-purpose language covering(More)